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  1. Hyperammonemic encephalopathy is rarely caused by a urinary diversion. We herein experienced a case of rectal carcinoma with rectovesical and ileal fistulae that developed hyperammonemic encephalopathy. A 72-y...

    Authors: Masahiro Maruyama, Yoshiaki Miyasaka, Atsushi Takano, Masayuki Inoue, Kazushige Furuya, Hidemitsu Sugai, Masao Hada and Hiroshi Nakagomi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:88
  2. Hydrocele of the canal of Nuck, also called the “female hydrocele,” is a rare developmental disorder in females. This entity is now believed to be more common now in comparison with previous reports; however, ...

    Authors: Rei Kono, Hiroshi Terasaki, Naotaka Murakami, Maki Tanaka, Jinryou Takeda and Toshi Abe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:86
  3. The patient was a 46-year-old man who had undergone resection for a bulky retroperitoneal tumor 16 years previously during a follow-up for von Recklinghausen’s disease. Histopathological examination of the res...

    Authors: Kenji Sakai, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Shigeru Marubashi, Akira Tomokuni, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Koji Umeshita, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori and Hiroaki Nagano
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:84
  4. We report the case of a 55-year-old man who initially visited the emergency department of our hospital owing to fever, headache, and neck stiffness. He was diagnosed with meningitis because cerebrospinal fluid...

    Authors: Kyohei Hatori, Satoshi Ohki, Takao Miki, Hanako Hirai, Kiyomitsu Yasuhara and Tamiyuki Obayashi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:83
  5. Phyllodes tumors are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms of the breast. In the literature, borderline or malignant tumors have been reported to present with unusual characteristics including a short clinical histor...

    Authors: Aya Banno, Akihiko Shimada, Kenichiro Aga, Hiroki Harada, Takuji Kaburagi, Hiroaki Seki, Nobutaka Yasui and Hidetoshi Matsumoto
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:82
  6. We herein report a case of adenomyoepithelioma (AME) of the breast with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) involving a 71-year-old Japanese woman. She presented with bloody discharge from the left nipple. Mammogr...

    Authors: Mirei Kamei, Tsutomu Daa, Michiyo Miyawaki, Shuji Suehiro and Kenji Sugio
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:81
  7. A peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (pPNET) is a small round cell tumor occurring mostly in children or young adults and categorized into the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors. pPNETs originating from th...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Nishizawa, Yusuke Kumamoto, Kazuharu Igarashi, Ryo Nishiyama, Hiroshi Tajima, Hiroshi Kawamata, Takashi Kaizu and Masahiko Watanabe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:80
  8. Ganglioneuroblastoma (GBN) is a malignant neoplasm of the autonomic nervous system. Adult onset of ganglioneuroblastoma is extremely rare. Only 16 cases have been reported in English literature, to date. Surge...

    Authors: Elena Bolzacchini, Barbara Martinelli and Graziella Pinotti
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:79
  9. Lynch syndrome (LS) is a disorder caused by mismatch repair gene mutations, which have been recognized to be associated with an increased frequency of colorectal and extracolorectal tumors. However, it remains...

    Authors: Masatoshi Kochi, Manabu Shimomura, Takao Hinoi, Hiroaki Niitsu, Takuya Yano, Shoichiro Mukai, Hiroyuki Sawada, Masashi Miguchi, Yasufumi Saito, Tomohiro Adachi, Yasuyo Ishizaki, Hiroyuki Egi and Hideki Ohdan
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:78
  10. Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) complicated by inferior vena caval (IVC) thrombosis is rare but life-threatening. We experienced a case of PLA complicated by an IVC thrombus close to the right atrium after pancre...

    Authors: Hidemasa Kubo, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Katsumi Shimomura, Kenji Nanishi, Yasuo Ueshima, Akiyuki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Shioaki and Eigo Otsuji
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:77
  11. We present 2 cases of a large thymoma with invasion to the hilum of the lung and pleural dissemination. Case 1: a 47-year-old woman was diagnosed with a type B3 thymoma with abundant left pleural effusion and ...

    Authors: Yasushi Shintani, Ryu Kanzaki, Hidenori Kusumoto, Tomoyuki Nakagiri, Masayoshi Inoue and Meinoshin Okumura
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:75
  12. Although liposarcoma often metastasizes to various organs, cardiac metastasis, including to the pericardium, is rare. We present a case of a third recurrence of pericardial metastasis from the thigh, which req...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Yamashita, Kazuhiro Kurisu, Satoshi Kimura and Yasutaka Ueno
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:74
  13. We herein report our experience of performing laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery for a gastrointestinal stromal tumor with complete situs inversus. A 78-year-old man was referred to our department...

    Authors: Mikito Mori, Kiyohiko Shuto, Atsushi Hirano, Chihiro Kosugi, Kuniya Tanaka and Keiji Koda
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:72
  14. We herein describe a case involving spontaneous rerupture of a nonparasitic liver cyst successfully treated with cyst fenestration and an omental flap. A 59-year-old Japanese woman was transferred to our hospi...

    Authors: Kentaro Inoue, Tomohiro Iguchi, Shuhei Ito, Takefumi Ohga, Tadahiro Nozoe, Ken Shirabe, Takahiro Ezaki and Yoshihiko Maehara
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:71
  15. Rectourethral fistula is one of the complications that can occur after prostatectomy in the urologic discipline. However, a delayed-onset rectourethral fistula after intersphincteric resection (ISR) for low re...

    Authors: Koji Komori, Kenya Kimura, Takashi Kinoshita, Seiji Ito, Tetsuya Abe, Yoshiki Senda, Kazunari Misawa, Yuichi Ito, Norihisa Uemura, Seiji Natsume, Jiro Kawakami, Yoshinori Iwata, Masayuki Tsutsuyama, Itaru Shigeyoshi, Tomoyuki Akazawa, Daisuke Hayashi…
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:70
  16. Idiopathic spontaneous pneumoperitoneum is a rare condition that is characterized by intraperitoneal gas for which no clear etiology has been identified. We report here a case of idiopathic spontaneous pneumop...

    Authors: Ryo Tanaka, Hitoshi Kameyama, Masayuki Nagahashi, Tatsuo Kanda, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Takashi Ishikawa, Takashi Kobayashi, Jun Sakata, Shin-ichi Kosugi and Toshifumi Wakai
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:69
  17. Annular pancreas is a rare anomaly in which a ring of pancreatic tissue encircles the second portion of the duodenum. We herein report a case involving a 79-year-old Japanese man with an intraductal papillary ...

    Authors: Shinichiro Kobayashi, Yukio Kamohara, Yasuhiro Nagata, Masahiro Ito and Hikaru Fujioka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:68
  18. Plexiform schwannoma is an infrequent variant of schwannoma characterized grossly and microscopically by multi-nodular growth. Although plexiform schwannoma has such growth patterns, it is a benign tumor as we...

    Authors: Masashi Nagata, Hiroyuki Ito, Tomohiko Matsuzaki, Hideyuki Furumoto, Tetsuya Isaka, Teppei Nishii, Tomoyuki Yokose and Haruhiko Nakayama
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:67
  19. We report herein a 41-year-old female with a tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA), which microbial cultures showed to contain extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli, a causative agent of community-acquir...

    Authors: Teppei Tokumaru, Yasuo Shima, Takehiro Okabayashi, Kazutoshi Hayashi, Yorito Yamamoto, Kazuhide Ozaki and Jun Iwata
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:66
  20. We experienced two cases involving the simultaneous presence of cholelithiasis, hiatal hernia, and umbilical hernia. Both patients were female and overweight (body mass index of 25.0–29.9 kg/m2) and had a history...

    Authors: Takahiro Yamanaka, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Yuji Kumakura, Hiroaki Honjo, Keigo Hara, Takehiko Yokobori, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda and Hiroyuki Kuwano
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:65
  21. This report describes a patient with a rare huge epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) in the left axilla. A male in his 70s was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of a growing tumor...

    Authors: Eiji Kusumoto, Shohei Yamaguchi, Masahiko Sugiyama, Mitsuhiko Ota, Norifumi Tsutsumi, Yasue Kimura, Yoshihisa Sakaguchi, Tetsuya Kusumoto, Koji Ikejiri, Yoshifuku Nakayama and Seiya Momosaki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:64
  22. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is an aggressive malignancy and characterized by spreading to regional lymph nodes and distant metastases, but we were unable to find a previous report of simultaneous metast...

    Authors: Makoto Kobayashi, Hidenori Itabashi, Tatsuru Ikeda, Norikazu Yamazaki, Tomohito Kaji and Akinori Takagane
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:63
  23. Chemical pleurodesis is one of the therapeutic tools to control hepatic hydrothorax. Tetracycline and derivatives have been widely accepted as an effective and safe treatment for the purpose, but availability ...

    Authors: Nevin Yilmaz, Arife Zeybek, Benjamin Tharian and Ugur Eser Yilmaz
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:62
  24. An 8-month-old boy with a left-sided incarcerated inguinal hernia involving the appendix, cecum, and terminal ileum was successfully managed via an inguinal approach during an emergency operation. A mobile cec...

    Authors: Fumiya Yoneyama, Hideaki Tanaka, Kentaro Ono, Takato Sasaki, Takahiro Jimbo, Chikashi Gotoh, Toru Uesugi, Yasuhisa Urita, Toko Shinkai, Hajime Takayasu, Natsuki Imoto and Kouji Masumoto
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:61
  25. Hemorrhage from ruptured pseudoaneurysm is a rapidly progressing and potentially fatal complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Stent graft placement for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm has recently been...

    Authors: Shuichi Fujioka, Fumitake Suzuki, Naotake Funamizu, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Koji Munakata, Hirokazu Ashida and Katsuhiko Yanaga
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:60
  26. Paraneoplastic syndromes are rare first manifestations of breast cancer. In this report, we present two cases of a 58-year-old woman and a 69-year-old woman presenting with acute symptoms of paraneoplastic cer...

    Authors: Ying Ru Yvonne Ng, Chunyin Derek Ho, Weng Leong Victor Ng and Su-Ming Tan
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:59
  27. A retrocardiac lung hernia is an extremely rare complication after esophagectomy. A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with advanced middle thoracic esophageal cancer and a giant bulla at the apical ...

    Authors: Akinobu Furutani, Masahiro Niihara, Keisuke Kawamorita, Shoji Takahashi, Yasuhisa Ohde and Yasuhiro Tsubosa
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:58
  28. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is acquired hemolytic anemia characterized by symptoms such as anemia and hemoglobinuria. In recent years, eculizumab as an anti-complement (C5) monoclonal antibody ha...

    Authors: Makoto Moriyama, Takuya Nagata, Isaku Yoshioka, Isaya Hashimoto, Koshi Matsui, Tomoyuki Okumura and Kazuhiro Tsukada
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:57
  29. Primary intrapulmonary thymomas (PITs), which are intrapulmonary tumors without an associated mediastinal component, are very rare. The diagnosis of a PIT can be difficult. Here, we report two cases of resecte...

    Authors: Fumihiro Ishibashi, Yasumitsu Moriya, Hajime Tamura, Yukiko Matsui and Toshihiko Iizasa
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:56
  30. Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) in adults, especially over 30 years old, is quite rare. We report two adult UESL patients that one of them survived 62 months and one is now surviving mor...

    Authors: Toshiro Masuda, Toru Beppu, Koichi Doi, Tatsunori Miyata, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Takatoshi Ishiko, Ken-ichi Iyama and Hideo Baba
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:55
  31. Pancreatic pseudocyst is usually treated by percutaneous external drainage, endoscopic internal or external drainage, or surgical internal drainage such as cystogastrostomy. Surgical external drainage is an op...

    Authors: Kazuya Sakata, Daisuke Hashimoto, Katsunobu Taki, Osamu Nakahara, Masaki Ohmuraya, Akira Chikamoto, Toru Beppu and Hideo Baba
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:54
  32. Single-site laparoscopic colectomy (SLC) is a promising minimally invasive and safe treatment for colorectal cancer. Improvements of the working instruments and procedures for SLC have helped to overcome chall...

    Authors: Koki Tamai, Ichiro Takemasa, Mamoru Uemura, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Hiroki Higashihara, Keigo Osuga, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki and Masaki Mori
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:53
  33. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is an uncommon inflammatory disease that develops from the respiratory organs and affects them. Almost all reports about EAF describe lesions affecting the upper respir...

    Authors: Keigo Okamoto, Makoto Motoishi, Ryosuke Kaku, Satoru Sawai and Jun Hanaoka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:52
  34. Axillary lymph node metastasis from colorectal carcinoma is extremely rare, and this scarcity hinders understanding of its pathogenesis and, thus, the application of appropriate management. Here, we present a ...

    Authors: Yutaka J Kawamura, Michitaka Kohno, Junji Shiga, Naoki Asakage, Minoru Hatano, Hirohisa Okame, Junichi Sasaki, Shoichi Tobari and Katsunori Nishida
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:50
  35. Internal hernia after gastrectomy is a rare complication. It can progress rapidly to vascular disturbance, necrosis, and perforation, therefore early diagnosis and surgical treatment is essential. We present a...

    Authors: Kotaro Hirashima, Takashi Ishikawa, Shin-ichi Kosugi, Yosuke Kano, Yu Sato, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Takeo Bamba and Toshifumi Wakai
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:49
  36. We report a rare case of huge amebic intra-abdominal tumor with asymptomatic amebic colitis. This appears to represent the first report of amebic intra-abdominal tumor. A 31-year-old woman presented to a local...

    Authors: Shigeo Higami, Eiji Nomura, Masashi Yamazaki, Seiji Morita, Wataru Noguchi, Shuji Uda, Hitoshi Hara, Soichiro Yamamoto, Sayuri Hasegawa, Kosuke Tobita, Takuma Tajiri, Masaya Mukai, Sadaki Inokuchi and Hiroyasu Makuuchi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:48
  37. A resected case of hepatocellular carcinoma which extended into the right atrium after treatment with hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) is described. An 81-year-old man presented with right hypocho...

    Authors: Shintaro Kurahashi, Tsuyoshi Sano, Seiji Natsume, Yoshiki Senda, Hidekazu Yamaura, Yoshitaka Inaba and Yasuhiro Shimizu
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:47
  38. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) producing pancreatic cancers are extremely rare. These tumors have an aggressive clinical course but no established treatment. We encountered a patient with a G-CS...

    Authors: Hiroaki Kitade, Hidesuke Yanagida, Masanori Yamada, Sohei Satoi, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Nobuaki Shikata and Masanori Kon
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:46
  39. Simple liver cysts occasionally cause pressure symptoms of the abdomen. We herein report an extremely rare case of spontaneous rupture of simple liver cysts. A 65-year-old woman suffered abdominal fullness and...

    Authors: Takehiro Maki, Makoto Omi, Hiroyuki Kaneko, Kenjiro Misu, Hitoshi Inomata and Kazuyoshi Nihei
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:45
  40. A tracheocutaneous fistula may develop when a tracheostomy orifice epithelializes during a prolonged course of healing or undernutrition. Various techniques for closing such fistulae have been reported. Howeve...

    Authors: Yui Watanabe, Tadashi Umehara, Aya Harada, Masaya Aoki, Takuya Tokunaga, Soichi Suzuki, Go Kamimura, Kazuhiro Wakida, Toshiyuki Nagata, Tsunayuki Otsuka, Naoya Yokomakura, Kota Kariatsumari, Yoshihiro Nakamura, Yuko Watanabe and Masami Sato
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:43
  41. Lipoblastoma, a relatively rare benign adipose neoplasm, predominantly affects children younger than 3 years of age. We herein report the case of a 7-month-old girl with an unusual myxomatous histology of lipo...

    Authors: Toko Shinkai, Kouji Masumoto, Kentaro Ono, Eri Yano, Chie Kobayashi, Takashi Fukushima, Ryo Sumazaki, Kaishi Satomi and Masayuki Noguchi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:42
  42. Cardiac fibromas are rare benign tumors usually seen in the pediatric population. Generally, long-term survival after surgical resection is favorable, and recurrence of fibroma has been hardly reported. Herein...

    Authors: Kunio Kusajima, Hiroki Hata, Tomoyuki Fujita, Yusuke Shimahara, Shunsuke Sato, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda and Junjiro Kobayashi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:41
  43. In this case report, we describe the extremely rare case of a collision tumor comprising cancers of the bile duct and the pancreas. A 70-year-old man was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of obstructiv...

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Daisuke Furukawa, Naoki Yazawa, Yoshihito Masuoka, Misuzu Yamada, Kosuke Tobita, Yohei Kawashima, Masami Ogawa, Yoshiaki Kawaguchi, Kenichi Hirabayashi and Toshio Nakagohri
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:40
  44. A cardiac calcified amorphous tumor (CAT) localized to the mitral valve leaflet without mitral annular calcification (MAC) is a rare entity. We report a case of a 69-year-old woman with such a condition, who u...

    Authors: Shinya Masuda, Naotaka Motoyoshi, Koki Ito, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Masatoshi Akiyama, Shunsuke Kawamoto and Yoshikatsu Saiki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:39
  45. Angiomyolipoma is a unique mesenchymal neoplasm composed of blood vessels as well as smooth muscle and adipose cells. The liver is a less common site of origin, and hepatic angiomyolipoma is often an incidenta...

    Authors: Kunitaka Kuramoto, Toru Beppu, Tomohiro Namimoto, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Katsunori Imai, Hidetoshi Nitta, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Takatoshi Ishiko, Ken-Ichi Iyama, Osamu Ikeda, Yasuyuki Yamashita and Hideo Baba
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2015 1:38

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