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  1. Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma, which usually occurs in the lower neck, is a rare benign tumor containing spindle cells, epithelial nests, and adipose tissue. Although the origin of this tumor is still unknown,...

    Authors: Makio Hayama, Seiji Yoshitomi, Maiko Tamura, Nobuhiko Ohnishi and Shigeharu Moriyama

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:29

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  2. Pulmonary hematoma is most often caused by thoracic trauma. However, rare cases of pulmonary hematoma without any obvious cause are sometimes reported, when the condition is referred to as spontaneous or idiop...

    Authors: Takumi Sonokawa, Takuma Matsui, Kyoshiro Takegahara, Tatsuya Inoue, Takeru Kashiwada, Yasuhiro Terasaki and Jitsuo Usuda

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:27

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Minimally invasive esophagectomy is considered a beneficial approach to esophageal cancer, although a hiatal hernia occurs more frequently in this approach than in open esophagectomy with reconstruction via th...

    Authors: Takuji Sato, Takeo Fujita, Hisashi Fujiwara and Hiroyuki Daiko

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:26

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. A case of a short circuit (Retzius shunt) from the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) to the inferior vena cava (IVC) without accompanying portal hypertension due to liver cirrhosis is rare.

    Authors: Toshinori Sueda, Mitsuyoshi Tei, Haruna Furukawa, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masaki Wakasugi, Hiromichi Miyagaki, Ryohei Kawabata, Junzo Shimizu, Atsuya Okada and Junichi Hasegawa

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:25

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Perforated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis (Hinchey III diverticulitis) has traditionally been treated with a Hartmann’s procedure in order to avoid the considerable postoperative morbidity and mortal...

    Authors: Takako Tanaka, Yoshiaki Kita, Shinichiro Mori, Kenji Baba, Kan Tanabe, Masumi Wada, Yusuke Tsuruda, Kiyonori Tanoue, Shigehiro Yanagita, Kosei Maemura and Shoji Natsugoe

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:24

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a rare and severe pathological condition that can cause intestinal necrosis without mechanical obstruction of the mesenteric artery. NOMI often develops during the t...

    Authors: Noboru Oyachi, Takaki Emura, Fuminori Numano, Tomoko Tando, Tomohiro Saito and Yusuke Goto

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:23

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. The esophageal metastasis of breast cancer is rare. Moreover, it is extremely unusual for patients to experience the symptoms of esophageal metastasis during their lifetimes. We present a case of dysphagia cau...

    Authors: Masuyo Miyake, Akimitsu Yamada, Kentaro Miyake and Itaru Endo

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:22

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) readily metastasizes to the lymph nodes, liver, lung, and peritoneum; however, gastric and gallbladder metastases are rare. We report a case of metachronous gastric and ...

    Authors: Makoto Takahashi, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Atsushi Kato, Katsunori Furukawa, Tsukasa Takayashiki, Satoshi Kuboki, Shigetsugu Takano, Kensuke Sugiura, Keishi Kawasaki, Masaru Miyazaki and Masayuki Ohtsuka

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:21

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. Leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) of the colon are extremely rare and highly aggressive. Although treatment of gastrointestinal LMS is not standardized, surgical resection is generally performed. The fact that the tumors...

    Authors: Masashi Yahagi, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Atsuko Hara and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:20

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Mesentero-axial gastric volvulus (MAGV) is a rare but critical condition as delay in treatment can lead to lethal situations. Although the report of the surgical treatment with laparoscopic approach for MAGV h...

    Authors: Toshiaki Takahashi, Masaya Yamoto, Akiyoshi Nomura, Kei Ooyama, Akinori Sekioka, Yutaka Yamada, Koji Fukumoto and Naoto Urushihara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:19

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Liposarcoma is a soft tissue sarcoma of adipocyte origin. Liposarcoma represents 20–30% of adult soft tissue tumors, which was most frequently seen in the retroperitoneal space in 45% and abdominal space in on...

    Authors: Ryohei Murata, Tadashi Yoshida, Nobuhiro Kobayashi, Yoshito Watanabe, Shigenori Homma, Hayato Echizenya and Akinobu Taketomi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:18

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. Metastases to the stomach or gallbladder from any malignancy is rarely noted, and simultaneous metastases to both organs are atypical. We present a unique case of simultaneous multifocal metastases of the stom...

    Authors: Osamu Kinoshita, Moyu Dohi, Yusuke Horii, Atsushi Ikai, Tomohito Kitamori and Tetsuro Yamashita

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:17

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Although annular pancreas concurrent with pancreaticobiliary maljunction has rarely been reported, some reports have pointed out a possibility that both anomalies have a common pathogenesis in pancreatic devel...

    Authors: Naoya Sato, Tatsuo Shimura, Akira Kenjo, Takashi Kimura, Junichiro Watanabe, Makoto Muto and Shigeru Marubashi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:16

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Most of the people remain asymptomatic during their lifetime, but some can develop complications such as...

    Authors: Bardia Bidarmaghz, Hugh McGregor, Kasra Raufian and Chin Li Tee

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:15

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Bevacizumab is an anti-angiogenesis agent used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and is associated with a variety of complications. We present a patient with rectal cancer who developed a del...

    Authors: Erika Machida, Yasuyuki Miyakura, Jun Takahashi, Sawako Tamaki, Hideki Ishikawa, Fumi Hasegawa, Rina Kikugawa, Shingo Tsujinaka, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Toshiki Rikiyama

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:14

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Carcinosarcoma is a rare tumor that includes both carcinoma and sarcoma components. It develops commonly in the female reproductive tract, most often in the uterus. However, as there are a small number of simi...

    Authors: Rumi Itoyama, Yo-ichi Yamashita, Yosuke Nakao, Toshihiko Yusa, Naoki Umezaki, Takanobu Yamao, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Katsunori Imai, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:13

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disease of the skin and soft tissue. Aneurysms associated with NF1 can occur, but a secondary aneurysm rupture is very rare, with very few cases reported...

    Authors: Kazuki Moro, Hitoshi Kameyama, Kaoru Abe, Junko Tsuchida, Yosuke Tajima, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Masato Nakano, Mayuko Ikarashi, Masayuki Nagahashi, Yoshifumi Shimada, Kaori Kato, Takeshi Okamoto, Hajime Umezu, Emmanuel Gabriel, Masanori Tsuchida and Toshifumi Wakai

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:12

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) infection in a patient in an immunosuppressed state caused by increased use of immunosuppressive or biological agents is a serious clinical problem. Mycobacterium avium complex ...

    Authors: Naoko Ose, Masato Minami, Soichiro Funaki, Takashi Kanou, Ryu Kanzaki and Yasushi Shintani

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:11

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Pancreatic injuries are rare, and no treatment plan has yet been established for grade III injuries. In many cases, pancreatic stent placement has resulted in saving patients. However, some cases of perforatio...

    Authors: Takuya Mori, Go Ohira, Kenjiro Kimura, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryosuke Amano and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:10

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Aortoenteric fistula (AEF), occasionally reported as a fatal complication after aortic or other vascular procedures, is a communication between the aorta and the digestive tract. AEF as a fatal complication of...

    Authors: Masayuki Honda, Tsuguo Sakamoto, Shigehiro Kojima, Yota Yamamoto, Kazuhito Yajima, Dal Ho Kim and Fumihiro Ogawa

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:9

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. Undifferentiated carcinoma of the esophagus with rhabdoid features is a very rare histologic finding that is occasionally associated with the loss of SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator...

    Authors: Hideki Nagano, Toshimasa Izumi, Ei Kawahara, Takeru Oyama and Takanori Goi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:8

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Pneumothorax during surgery under general anesthesia is a life-threatening situation for the patient because it can progress easily to the tension pneumothorax due to positive pressure ventilation unless appro...

    Authors: Kei Sakamoto, Akira Ogihara, Shota Mitsuboshi, Hideyuki Maeda, Takako Matsumoto, Tamami Isaka, Masahide Murasugi, Akiko Omori, Yoshihito Kotera, Hiroto Egawa, Masakazu Yamamoto and Masato Kanzaki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:7

    Content type: Case Report

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  23. Superior posterior pulmonary vein anomaly in the right upper lobe (anomalous V2), which is one of the anomalies of the right superior pulmonary vein (RSPV), runs behind the right main or intermediate bronchus....

    Authors: Yu Onodera, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Makoto Hikage, Chiaki Sato, Kai Takaya, Hiroshi Okamoto, Shota Maruyama, Takuro Konno, Michiaki Unno and Takashi Kamei

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:6

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. A bronchopleural fistula (BPF) can lead to empyema and death after pulmonary resection. A minor leakage from a BPF has been reported to be successfully closed endobronchially, although thoracoplasty is usually...

    Authors: Hideki Endoh, Ryohei Yamamoto, Nobuhiro Nishizawa and Yukitoshi Satoh

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:5

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. Primary amelanotic malignant melanoma of esophagus, which is a subtype of primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME), is a very rare disease with a poor prognosis. We herein report a case of the amelan...

    Authors: Naomichi Koga, Nobuhide Kubo, Hiroshi Saeki, Shun Sasaki, Tomoko Jogo, Kosuke Hirose, Yuichiro Nakashima, Eiji Oki, Yutaka Koga, Yoshinao Oda, Hisao Oiwa, Toshio Oiwa and Yoshihiko Maehara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:4

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. It is uncommon for aseptic necrosis to occur in the lung parenchyma as a result of acute pulmonary embolism, because of the dual blood supply of the lung. We report a case in which acute pulmonary embolism led...

    Authors: Hikaru Watanabe and Naoki Kanauchi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:3

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  27. Surgery for infective endocarditis involving the aorto-mitral curtain (AMC) is challenging and requires extensive incisions and complex reconstruction procedures. However, in patients with preserved aortic ann...

    Authors: Atsushi Hiromoto, Shun-Ichiro Sakamoto, Yasuo Miyagi and Takashi Nitta

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:2

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. Lymphography with Lipiodol is useful for chylothorax. There were many slight complications, but reports of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after lymphography were few.

    Authors: Yusuke Taki, Shinsuke Sato, Katsunori Suzuki, Erina Nagai, Masaya Watanabe, Yuichiro Shishido, Nobuaki Nakajima and Masakazu Takagi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2019 5:1

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. Prone position surgery has become widespread for esophageal cancer instead of the traditional lateral decubitus approach. Carbon dioxide insufflation and the gravity effect provide a better operative field wit...

    Authors: Toru Nakamura, Ryo Fujikawa, Yoshiro Otsuki and Kazuhito Funai

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:151

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  30. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumor originating from the tissue underlying the mesothelial layer of the pleura or mediastinum. Other reported sites include the upper respiratory tract, orb...

    Authors: Yu Kumagai, Shuichi Fujioka, Takeyuki Misawa, Hiroaki Kitamura, Masafumi Suzuki and Katsuhiko Yanaga

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:150

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. The gastrointestinal tract can occasionally be perforated or penetrated by an ingested foreign body, such as a fish bone. However, there are very few reported cases in which an ingested fish bone penetrated th...

    Authors: Kosuke Mima, Hidetaka Sugihara, Rikako Kato, Chihiro Matsumoto, Daichi Nomoto, Hironobu Shigaki, Junji Kurashige, Mitsuhiro Inoue, Shiro Iwagami, Takao Mizumoto, Tatsuo Kubota and Nobutomo Miyanari

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:149

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a pathological condition that is characterized by an infiltrate composed of IgG4-positive plasma cells and recently recognized as an immune-mediated condition. It causes tissu...

    Authors: Akihiro Watanabe, Takashi Goto, Hitomi Kamo, Ryuji Komine, Naomi Kuroki, Takanobu Sugase, Tsuyoshi Takaya, Rintaro Koga, Hiroshi Hojo, Shoji Taniguchi, Kazuhiko Ibusuki and Kazumi Koga

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:148

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  33. In the original publication of this article [1], the author found Fig. 1c has a redundant arrow.

    Authors: Shohei Takaichi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Soichiro Funaki, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Meinoshin Okumura, Masaki Mori and Yuichiro Doki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:147

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:135

  34. Histoplasmosis is considered a fairly rare imported mycosis in Japan. Here we report a case of histoplasmosis describing the preoperative findings, histopathological findings, supposed infection route, and app...

    Authors: Shun Tanaka, Ryo Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Nagita, Kazuaki Okamoto, Yuki Iida, Kumiko Hongo, Yukio Ishihara, Yusuke Kita, Naoki Takabayashi, Ken Kuriki and Takeyui Hiramatsu

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:145

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  35. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) grow relatively slowly and without specific symptoms; therefore, they are typically incidental findings. We report a rare gastric GIST in the mediastinum associated with...

    Authors: Ryosuke Fujisawa, Yuji Akiyama, Takeshi Iwaya, Fumitaka Endo, Haruka Nikai, Shigeaki Baba, Takehiro Chiba, Toshimoto Kimura, Takeshi Takahara, Koki Otsuka, Hiroyuki Nitta, Masaru Mizuno, Keisuke Koeda and Akira Sasaki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:144

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  36. Femoral hernia accounts for 3% of all the hernias, and in 0.5–5% of cases, the appendix can migrate through the femoral hernia and is called de Garengeot hernia. It is a very rare condition, and the incidence ...

    Authors: Bardia Bidarmaghz, Roderick Cyril Borrowdale and Kasra Raufian

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:143

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  37. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a life-threatening heart muscle disease characterized by progressive heart failure, which often requires left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation or heart transplantat...

    Authors: Shigeru Miyagawa, Keitaro Domae, Satoshi Kainuma, Ryouhei Matsuura, Daisuke Yoshioka, Hiroki Hata, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Koichi Toda and Yoshiki Sawa

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:142

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  38. Pericardial effusion is observed in the majority of viral pericarditis cases; however, viral pericarditis accompanied by a large effusion resulting in cardiac tamponade is rare.

    Authors: Azumi Hamasaki, Tetsuro Uchida, Atsushi Yamashita, Kentaro Akabane and Mitsuaki Sadahiro

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:141

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  39. No reports have so far described arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in the pancreas caused by a tumor. We herein report a case of pancreatoduodenectomy for a patient who developed duodenal hemorrhage due to AVM ...

    Authors: Shunsuke Tamura, Yusuke Yamamoto, Yukiyasu Okamura, Teiichi Sugiura, Takaaki Ito, Ryo Ashida, Katsuhisa Ohgi, Nobuyuki Watanabe, Keiko Sasaki, Takashi Sugino and Katsuhiko Uesaka

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:140

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  40. The age of patients with lung cancer is advancing, and the number of patients with lung cancer who have cardiac diseases is expected to increase. Recently, the rate of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (...

    Authors: Hideki Nagata, Ryu Kanzaki, Takashi Kanou, Naoko Ose, Soichiro Funaki, Yasushi Shintani, Masato Minami, Isamu Mizote, Yasushi Sakata, Koichi Maeda, Toru Kuratani, Yoshiki Sawa and Meinoshin Okumura

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:139

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  41. Hepatic carcinosarcomas, which include both carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements, are uncommon in adults. Although carcinosarcoma in hepatocellular carcinoma is occasionally reported, carcinosarcoma in intra...

    Authors: Kyohei Yugawa, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Yohei Mano, Noboru Harada, Shinji Itoh, Toru Ikegami, Yuji Soejima, Nobuhiro Fujita, Kenichi Kohashi, Shinichi Aishima, Yoshinao Oda and Masaki Mori

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:138

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  42. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) can cause severe complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Most of the reported cases of MALS have been diagnosed perioperatively and can be treated efficiently ...

    Authors: Daisuke Imai, Takashi Maeda, Huanlin Wang, Takahiro Ohmine, Keitaro Edahiro, Makoto Edagawa, Tomoyoshi Takenaka, Shohei Yamaguchi, Kozo Konishi, Shinichi Tsutsui and Hiroyuki Matsuda

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:137

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  43. Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) caused by colorectal cancer is rare, and very few cases associated with colon cancer have been reported. We describe the case of a patient with NF in the left thigh due to penetratio...

    Authors: Kentaro Sato, Hitoshi Yamamura, Yoshiyuki Sakamoto, Hajime Morohashi, Takuya Miura, Toru Yoshikawa, Akiko Suto, Satoru Tsuruta and Kenichi Hakamada

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:136

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  44. Diaphragmatic hernias (DH) are generally classified as either congenital or acquired. Acquired DH are generally of traumatic cause, being a rare complication after hepatectomy. Although repair of a DH can be p...

    Authors: Shohei Takaichi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Soichiro Funaki, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Meinoshin Okumura, Masaki Mori and Yuichiro Doki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:135

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:147

  45. Recently, surgical stress due to breast cancer has been reduced, more so for elderly patients. However, an expanded resection is still required in some situations.

    Authors: Kenichi Shibata, Shintaro Nozu, Takayuki Tanaka and Wataru Kimura

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:134

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  46. Thymic large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is extremely rare. The detailed clinical features of thymic LNCECs remain unknown.

    Authors: Hiromitsu Domen, Yasuhiro Hida, Masaaki Sato, Haruka Takahashi, Tatsuru Ishikawa, Yosuke Shionoya, Midori Hashimoto, Kaoru Nishiyama, Yuma Aoki, Kazuho Inoko, Syotaro Furukawa, Kazuomi Ichinokawa and Hidehisa Yamada

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:133

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  47. The incidence of radiation-associated angiosarcoma (RAA) of the breast has been increasing, and its prognosis is reportedly poor. It is important to remove tumor tissues completely to prevent recurrence.

    Authors: Yuki Nomoto, Yuko Kijima, Yoshiaki Shinden, Munetugu Hirata, Yuka Eguchi, Heiji Yoshinaka, Ikumi Kitazono, Tsubasa Hiraki, Akihide Tanimoto and Shoji Natsugoe

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2018 4:132

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

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