- Case Report
- Open Access
Repair of a Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia with the PROCEED™ VENTRAL PATCH: a case report
© The Author(s). 2018
Received: 8 March 2018
Accepted: 8 May 2018
Published: 30 May 2018
Primary hernias in the triangle of Grynfeltt are very rare and therefore pose a difficulty in diagnosis and treatment. Due to the lack of systematic studies, the surgical approach must be chosen individually for each patient. Here, we describe an easy and safe surgical approach.
We report the case of a 53-year-old male patient with a history of mental disability and pronounced scoliosis, who presented with a Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia with protrusion of the ascending colon and the right ureter.
The hernia was repaired via a dorsal, extraperitoneal approach. The hernia gap with a diameter of approximately 1 cm was closed with insertion of a 6.4 × 6.4 cm PROCEED™ VENTRAL PATCH (Ethicon, Norderstedt, Germany). The operating time was 33 min and the patient was discharged the next day and showed no signs of recurrence at 1-year follow up.
The technique described here is favorable because it requires very little dissection of the surrounding tissue and no trans-/intraabdominal dissection. The technique was chosen in this particular case to guarantee a fast postoperative recovery and prompt hospital discharge.
Lumbar hernias are a very rare cause of abdominal complaints, and there is no standardized surgical strategy. Here, we present the case of a mentally disabled patient with a primary Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia with herniation of the ascending colon causing constipation and abdominal pain. Due to the mental disability and the severe symptoms of the hernia, a safe surgical approach with fast postoperative recovery was required.
Discussion and conclusion
A review of the literature reveals only a handful of case reports, describing various open and laparoscopic techniques for the closure of lumbar hernias. Due to the rare appearance, there is hardly any evidence supporting one or the other technique .
Considering the general condition of our patient and the need for an urgent operation, we decided against laparoscopy, but instead for an open, extraperitoneal, dorsal approach with insertion of a self-expanding, partially absorbable, flexible laminate mesh device, very similar to the approach described by Solaini et al. .
The effective use of the PROCEED™ VENTRAL PATCH has been demonstrated for umbilical hernias  and likewise small incisional hernias. We could demonstrate that the patch can be also effectively used for closure of hernias in the Grynfellt-Triangle via a dorsal approach.
Up to now, there is no retrospective study or randomized controlled trial analyzing the results of the different surgical techniques for closure of a primary lumbar hernia, and due to the rare appearance, there will probably never be one. Therefore, the surgical approach has been chosen individually for each patient with consideration of the particular situation.
In 2013, Suarez et al. recommended a laparoscopic approach to hernias in the triangle of Grynfellt with the main argument of faster postoperative recovery and less postoperative pain and consumption of pain medication . This recommendation is based mostly on the result of a randomized controlled trial comparing open and laparoscopic repair of secondary lumbar hernias, which reveals beneficial results of the laparoscopic approach . However, this study was carried out with patients suffering from incisional hernias and is therefore not comparable with our case of a primary Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia. The trial reports a mean operating time of 71 min, a postoperative morbidity of 86%, and a mean hospital stay of 7 days for the open approach. These figures certainly do not compare to the technique described here.
Our approach is favorable; hence, it requires almost no dissection of the surrounding tissue and muscles and no (laparoscopic) intraabdominal dissection. It can also be performed by any surgeon familiar with more common hernias (e.g., umbilical) even with limited experience with lumbar hernias in a very short time and therefore is very safe. Due to the position and size of the incision and the limited need for dissection, postoperative recovery is fast and incisional pain is acceptable. The overlap of the mesh was about 3 cm to all sides. Due to the small gap and the strong tissue around the hernia, we refrained from further preparation to insert a larger mesh with a wider overlap. We were able to discharge the patient who had a mental disability the next day. A mentally and physically healthy patient could have been presumably treated in an outpatient setting. Our operative technique is certainly a feasible alternative to the laparoscopic approach. In this particular case, it was our chosen approach due to the need for an urgent operation and to guarantee a fast postoperative recovery and prompt hospital discharge.
Availability of data and materials
The datasets used during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
TG and OT performed the operation and wrote the manuscript. HN was in charge of the patient’s follow-up and graphical design of the figures. PH and SF reviewed the manuscript and figures and assisted in writing the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Ethics approval and consent to participate
We describe an urgent procedure, carried out with informend consent of the patient and legal guardian, there was no ethics comitee involvement.
Consent for publication
The patient’s legal guardian gave informed consent for the publication of the case.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
- Moreno-Egea A, Baena EG, Calle MC, Martinez JAT, Albasini JLA. Controversies in the current management of lumbar hernias. Arch Surg. 2007;142:82–8.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Solaini L, Di Francesco F, Gourgiotis S, Solaini L. A very simple technique to repair Grynfeltt-Lesshaft hernia. Hernia. 2010;14:439–41.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Zarmpis N, Wassenberg D, Ambe PC. Repair of small and medium size umbilical hernias with the “Proceed Ventral patch” in the preperitoneal position. Am Surg. 2015;81:1144–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Suarez S, Hernandez JD. Laparoscopic repair of a lumbar hernia: report of a case and extensive review of the literature. Surg Endosc. 2013;27:3421–9.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
- Moreno-Egea A, Torralba-Martinez JA, Morales G, Fernandez T, Girela E, Aguayo-Albasini JL. Open vs laparoscopic repair of secondary lumbar hernias: a prospective nonrandomized study. Surg Endosc. 2005;19:184–7.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar