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  1. Foreign body granuloma is a rare surgery-related complication that can masquerade as cancer recurrence during postoperative surveillance. It may therefore deceive clinicians and lead to unnecessary interventio...

    Authors: Shih-Feng Huang, Chia-Ling Chiang and Ming-Hung Lee

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:164

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. The narrowness of the thoracic inlet is often a problem in retrosternal reconstruction after esophagectomy. We report here three cases in which compression of the gastric conduit behind the sternoclavicular jo...

    Authors: Yasunori Kurahashi, Yudai Hojo, Tatsuro Nakamura, Tsutomu Kumamoto, Yoshinori Ishida and Hisashi Shinohara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:163

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Spontaneous regression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare event, and its clinicopathological features and underlying mechanism are not fully understood.

    Authors: Toshihisa Kimura, Takanori Goi, Shigehiro Yokoi, Kenji Ohnishi, Tamotsu Togawa, Atsushi Iida, Makoto Ishida and Yasunori Sato

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:162

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal patch (TAPP) is now commonly used in the repair of inguinal hernia. Barbed suture can be a fast and effective method of peritoneal closure. We report two rare cases of...

    Authors: Liming Wang, Taku Maejima, Susumu Fukahori, Shoji Nishihara, Daitaro Yoshikawa and Toru Kono

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:161

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a rare tumor, however, simultaneous development of gastric cancer and gastric GIST has been documented more frequently in recent years. Rupture of gastric GIST is even ...

    Authors: Raisuke Nishiyama, Toshihito Ogasawara, Nana Mamuro, Yutarou Kamei, Misuzu Yamada, Daisuke Furukawa, Toshiyuki Suzuki, Takayuki Nishi and Hideo Shimada

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:160

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Myotonic dystrophy (dystrophia myotonica [DM]) is an autosomal-dominant inheritance, and myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease characterized by weakness of skeletal muscles. Cases of both DM and MG a...

    Authors: Michiyo Miyawaki, Mika Jikumaru, Kosuke Kamada, Noda Daiki, Miyuki Abe, Kentaro Anami, Hideya Takeuchi, Atsushi Osoegawa, Sintaro Iwao, Etsuro Matsubara and Kenji Sugio

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:159

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. Currently, there is an unwavering consensus that the standard surgery for congenital biliary dilation (CBD) is extrahepatic bile duct resection and choledochojejunostomy. However, decades prior, choledochocyst...

    Authors: Shunryo Minezaki, Takeyuki Misawa, Makoto Watanabe, Hideki Takahashi, Takashi Koenuma, Rie Kondo, Hiroe Toyoda, Kentaro Nemoto, Hiroyuki Tsukayama, Makoto Shibuya, Keita Wada, Keiji Sano, Yasunori Ohta, Satoe Numakura, Yuko Sasajima and Hiroshi Uozaki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:157

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Contrary to the increasing incidence of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), GEP-NETs of the accessory papilla of the duodenum are extremely rare. Furthermore, there have been no recommenda...

    Authors: Kosei Takagi, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Kazuya Yasui, Hiroki Sato, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:156

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. Pancreatic serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) is an uncommon exocrine neoplasm, which is believed to be a benign entity. However, some of these neoplasms may occasionally attain metastatic ability. Von Hippel–Lindau...

    Authors: Takashi Kokumai, Masamichi Mizuma, Katsuya Hirose, Hideaki Karasawa, Masaharu Ishida, Hideo Ohtsuka, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Takashi Kamei, Atsushi Masamune, Toru Furukawa and Michiaki Unno

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:155

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Metastatic breast tumors from extramammary malignancies are quite rare. Characteristics of such tumors are unclear due to small number of reported cases. During 2012–2019, approximately 3,500 malignant breast ...

    Authors: Ryoko Semba, Yoshiya Horimoto, Atsushi Arakawa and Mitsue Saito

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:154

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. Cap polyposis (CP) is extremely rare in Japan, and there is no established cure. We report a case in which CP was improved by surgical treatment.

    Authors: Tomohiro Minagawa, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Kurando Kusunoki, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Yuki Horio, Takako Kihara, Seiichi Hirota and Motoi Uchino

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:153

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most malignant complication in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). We report 6 cases of CD-related CRC treated surgically at our hospital.

    Authors: Kazuhide Ishimaru, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Akiko Fukuda, Masaaki Moriyama, Shosaburo Oyama, Mitsutoshi Ishii, Terumitu Sawai and Takeshi Nagayasu

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:152

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Ipsilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis is one of the rare complications during the superior mediastinal node dissection for lung cancer. However, very few reports of contralateral recurrent laryngeal ...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Nakamura, Yuma Shindo, Wataru Arai, Kodai Tsuruta, Ryunosuke Maki, Masahiro Miyajima and Atsushi Watanabe

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:151

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. Breast cancer patients are known to develop brain metastasis at a relatively high frequency. However, imaging findings of brain metastases vary, and it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish these from oth...

    Authors: Toshitaka Uomori, Yoshiya Horimoto, Masashi Takanashi, Ayana Shikanai, Katsuya Nakai, Astushi Arakawa and Mitsue Saito

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:150

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Acute mediastinitis is a rare disease that rapidly progresses with a high mortality rate. Its most common cause is direct injury of the mediastinum, including iatrogenic causes such as cardiac surgery or upper...

    Authors: Yoko Zaitsu, Takashi Nishizaki, Takuma Izumi, Daisuke Taniguchi, Yuichiro Kajiwara, Yumi Oshiro and Kazuhito Minami

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:149

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Shotgun injuries are a relatively uncommon type of trauma, and therefore may present a challenge in management for trauma surgeons. This is particularly true in the case of surgeons unfamiliar with the unique ...

    Authors: J. Alford Flippin, Sami Kishawi, Hannah Braunstein and Alaina M. Lasinski

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:148

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor that could originate from the gastrointestinal tract, uterus, kidney, retroperitoneum, and the soft tissues of the extremities. It accounts for only 1% of all gastrointestinal me...

    Authors: Toru Takagi, Shin Saito, Shinichiro Yokota, Yuki Kaneko, Kazuya Takahashi, Rihito Kanamaru, Kentaro Kurashina, Yoshinori Hosoya, Joji Kitayama, Hirotoshi Kawata, Hiroyuki Osawa and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:146

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can often spread as intrahepatic metastases. Extrahepatic metastasis (e.g., lung, lymph nodes, and bones) is rare, and gallbladder metastasis from HCC is extremely rare.

    Authors: Takaaki Hanazawa, Yasuyuki Fukami, Takaaki Osawa, Shintaro Kurahashi, Tatsuki Matsumura, Takuya Saito, Shunichiro Komatsu, Kenitiro Kaneko, Toyonori Tsuzuki and Tsuyoshi Sano

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:145

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. We describe herein an extremely rare case of intracardiac ectopic thymoma—only two pure cases have been reported to date—associated with myasthenia gravis, an infrequent complication of ectopic thymoma.

    Authors: Satoshi Takebayashi, Yasuji Yoshikawa, Masato Morita, Ryotaro Nagashima, Yuichi Nakazono and Shinji Miyamoto

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:144

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. Accessory liver lobe (ALL) is a rare liver malformation. An ALL develops due to malformation of the endodermal caudal foregut and segmentation of the hepatic bud in the third week of gestation. Most ALLs are a...

    Authors: Ayaka Nagano, Shun Onishi, Chihiro Kedoin, Mayu Matsui, Masakazu Murakami, Koshiro Sugita, Keisuke Yano, Toshio Harumatsu, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Makoto Matsukubo, Mitsuru Muto, Tatsuru Kaji and Satoshi Ieiri

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:143

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. Idiopathic free-floating thrombus (FFT) of the aorta is a rare occurrence, but it can lead to catastrophic consequences. The initial symptoms are typically cerebral or peripheral embolisms. Surgical thrombecto...

    Authors: Naohiko Oki, Yoshito Inoue and Sohsyu Kotani

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:141

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS), which results from compression of the median arcuate ligament (MAL), is a rare cause of abdominal pain and weight loss. Treatment is dissection of the MAL; however, the...

    Authors: Hiroshi Saito, Koichiro Sawada, Jyunichi Ogawa, Masashi Hashimoto, Masahiro Oshima, Masahiro Hada, Yosuke Kato, Kaeko Oyama, Masanori Kotake and Takuo Hara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:140

    Content type: Case Report

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  23. Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) is a treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease due to type 1 diabetes mellitus. We report a patient with a refractory fistula due to leak...

    Authors: Chisato Shirakawa, Masaaki Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Shimamura, Yasuyuki Koshizuka, Norio Kawamura, Ryoichi Goto, Takeshi Soyama, Daiki Iwami, Kiyohiko Hotta, Akinobu Taketomi and Daisuke Abo

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:139

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) is the first choice treatment for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but up to 35% of dCRT-treated tumors may have persistent or recurrent di...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsuan Yu, Yi-Wei Chen, Yi-Chen Yeh, Chien-Sheng Huang and Chao-Hua Chiu

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:138

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) has become an increasingly significant disease not only as healthcare-associated infection, but also as community-acquired (CA) infection worldwide. CDI caus...

    Authors: Masayuki Hiraki, Rei Suzuki, Nobuo Tanaka, Hiroki Fukunaga, Yoshinori Kinoshita, Hayato Kimura, Shusaku Tsutsui, Masaru Murata and Shunji Morita

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:137

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. In living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for patients with Budd‒Chiari syndrome (BCS), there are several concerns about reconstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins. Herein, we report t...

    Authors: Norikazu Une, Kazuaki Tokodai, Norifumi Kanai, Yoshikatsu Saitoh, Mineto Ohta, Kengo Sasaki, Koji Miyazawa, Toshiaki Kashiwadate, Atsushi Fujio, Wataru Nakanishi, Shigehito Miyagi, Michiaki Unno and Takashi Kamei

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:136

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. The strategy for treating obstructive colon cancers with metastatic lesions remains unclear. Herein, we report a case of laparoscopic ileo-transverse colon bypass (LITB) before preoperative chemotherapy for an...

    Authors: Shunsuke Tabe, Toru Tonooka, Isamu Hoshino, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Hiroaki Soda, Hisashi Gunji, Yoshihiro Nabeya and Masayuki Ohtsuka

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:135

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. Probiotics have been reported to be beneficial for the prevention of postoperative complications and are often used during the perioperative period. Among the probiotic-related adverse events, bacteremia is ra...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Shimura, Masamichi Mizuma, Kei Nakagawa, Shuichi Aoki, Takayuki Miura, Tatsuyuki Takadate, Kyohei Ariake, Shimpei Maeda, Kei Kawaguchi, Kunihiro Masuda, Masaharu Ishida, Hideo Ohtsuka, Takanori Morikawa, Takashi Kamei and Michiaki Unno

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:133

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is widely used as a minimally invasive treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). RFA has a low risk of complications, especially compared with liver resection. Nevertheless, v...

    Authors: Atsushi Morito, Shigeki Nakagawa, Katsunori Imai, Norio Uemura, Hirohisa Okabe, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Yo-ichi Yamashita, Akira Chikamoto and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:130

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is being used to treat esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) all over the world. However, this technique is difficult when the tumor is large and located on the left s...

    Authors: Kohei Kemuriyama, Satoru Motoyama, Yusuke Sato, Akiyuki Wakita, Yushi Nagaki, Hiromu Fujita, Ryohei Sasamori, Kazuhiro Imai, Masaki Aokawa and Yoshihiro Minamiya

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:129

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Several reports have documented that the pulmonary sequestration is in communication with the gastrointestinal tract and the concept of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation (BPFM) has become more widespread. ...

    Authors: Noboru Oyachi, Fuminori Numano, Keiichi Koizumi, Tamao Shinohara and Hirochika Matsubara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:128

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a relatively rare mesenchymal tumor that mainly affects adults. Its prognosis is good after curative resection, but distant recurrences after 10 years or longer have been report...

    Authors: Kozue Matsuishi, Kojiro Eto, Atsushi Morito, Hirokazu Hamasaki, Keisuke Morita, Satoshi Ikeshima, Kei Horino, Shinya Shimada and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:127

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Traumatic esophageal injury leads to severe complications such as mediastinitis, pyothorax, and tracheoesophageal fistula. Although prompt diagnosis and treatment are required, there are no established protoco...

    Authors: Masaki Honda, Toshiro Tanioka, Shigeo Haruki, Yuko Kamata, Hiromasa Hoshi, Kyoko Ryu, Kenta Yagi, Kodai Ueno, Satoshi Matsui, Yoshiteru Ohata, Fumi Hasegawa, Akio Kaito, Kaida Arita, Koji Ito and Noriaki Takiguchi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:126

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. Port site metastasis (PSM) after curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer and muscular metastasis from gastric cancer are rare manifestations. Similarly, subcutaneous metastasis from gastric cancer is rare, and...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Fukui, Naoshi Kubo, Katsunobu Sakurai, Yutaka Tamamori, Kiyoshi Maeda and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:124

    Content type: Case Report

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  35. Apart from Kasai’s procedure, liver transplantation (LTx) has dramatically improved the outcome of children with biliary atresia (BA). However, de novo malignancy has been reported to be one of the major cause...

    Authors: Naruki Higashidate, Suguru Fukahori, Shinji Ishii, Nobuyuki Saikusa, Naoki Hashizume, Yoshinori Koga, Daisuke Masui, Saki Sakamoto, Shiori Tsuruhisa, Hirotomo Nakahara, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Masaru Fukahori, Keisuke Miwa, Yoshiki Naito and Minoru Yagi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:123

    Content type: Case Report

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  36. The improved prognosis of Crohn’s disease may increase the opportunities of surgical treatment for patients with Crohn’s disease and the risk of development of colorectal cancer. We herein describe a patient w...

    Authors: Shin Emoto, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Nobuki Ichikawa, Yoichi Miyaoka, Hiroki Matsui, Ryo Takahashi, Keita Ishido, Takuya Otsuka, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Takehiko Katsurada and Akinobu Taketomi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:122

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Left atrial dissection is a rare complication of cardiac surgery, most commonly associated with mitral valve surgery. Herein, we report on the successful conservative treatment of left atrial dissection while ...

    Authors: Kentaro Kiryu, Takayuki Kadohama, Yoshinori Itagaki, Gembu Yamaura, Fuminobu Tanaka, Daichi Takagi, Takuya Wada, Itaru Igarashi, YuYa Yamazaki and Hiroshi Yamamoto

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:120

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. Non-functioning parathyroid carcinoma is an extremely rare malignancy among endocrine tumors. We report a case in which non-functional oxyphilic parathyroid carcinoma was diagnosed from clinical symptoms and p...

    Authors: Masaomi Sen, Ryuta Nagaoka, Hiroko Kazusaka, Mami Matsui, Marie Saitou, Iwao Sugitani, Takashi Sakatani and Kaori Kameyama

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:119

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is one of the most serious causes of death after liver transplantation (LT). IA is the second most common fungal infection, and its mortality rate exceeds 80%.

    Authors: Takahiro Tomiyama, Takashi Motomura, Norifumi Iseda, Akinari Morinaga, Tomonari Shimagaki, Takeshi Kurihara, Huanlin Wang, Takeo Toshima, Yoshihiro Nagao, Shinji Itoh, Noboru Harada, Tomoharu Yoshizumi and Masaki Mori

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:118

    Content type: Case Report

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  40. Ectopic decidua is the presence of decidual tissue outside the uterus. Ectopic decidua of the appendix is a rare entity that can present with abdominal symptoms mimicking appendicitis. We report a case of a 39...

    Authors: Manabu Kaneko, Hiroaki Nozawa, Hirofumi Rokutan, Koji Murono, Tetsuo Ushiku and Soichiro Ishihara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:117

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  41. A bronchial fistula is a relatively rare and potentially fatal complication after lung transplantation. Thoracic surgeons and pulmonologists often face challenges when selecting treatment options. We herein re...

    Authors: Yuya Nobori, Masaaki Sato, Yasutaka Hirata, Haruo Yamauchi, Chihiro Konoeda, Kentaro Kitano and Jun Nakajima

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:116

    Content type: Case Report

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  42. The Fontan procedure (FP) is a palliative surgery for functional single ventricle. The Fontan circulation maintains pulmonary circulation by a high central venous pressure, leading to chronic congestive liver....

    Authors: Miku Iwata, Katsunori Sakamoto, Chihiro Ito, Akimasa Sakamoto, Mio Uraoka, Tomoyuki Nagaoka, Kei Tamura, Naotake Funamizu, Akihiro Takai, Kohei Ogawa and Yasutsugu Takada

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2021 7:115

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

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