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  1. Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction beyond infancy. Ramstedt pyloromyotomy remains the gold standard treatment for HPS. This type of HPS can be managed successfull...

    Authors: Satoshi Yokoyama, Shiro Uyama, Hiroyoshi Iwagami and Yukitaka Yamashita
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:145
  2. A 53-year-old male visited his primary physician for epigastric and back pain. Abdominal-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a simple cyst of the pancreatic tail attached to the stomach. A distal main p...

    Authors: Yuki Fujiwara, Fumitake Suzuki, Masaru Kanehira, Yasuro Futagawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto and Katsuhiko Yanaga
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:144
  3. Pathological examination after endoscopic submucosal dissection revealed that a 62-year-old male had esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with lamina propria mucosal invasion and lymphatic permeation.

    Authors: Satoshi Tsutsumi, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Nakashima, Yu Nakaji, Kensuke Kudou, Ryosuke Tsutsumi, Sho Nishimura, Shingo Akiyama, Hirotada Tajiri, Takafumi Yukaya, Kimihiro Tanaka, Ryota Nakanishi, Masahiko Sugiyama, Kippei Ohgaki, Hideto Sonoda, Minako Hirahashi…
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:143
  4. Cardiac rupture is defined as a full-thickness myocardial tear; this injury after blunt chest trauma is rare, and is associated with high mortality. Blunt cardiac rupture typically presents with either cardiac...

    Authors: Hiroaki Oizumi, Kenji Suzuki, Hironobu Hoshino, Takahiro Tatsumori and Hideomi Ichinokawa
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:142
  5. Large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the bile duct is extremely rare and is a high-grade type of neuroendocrine tumor with an aggressive clinical course. Here, we report a case of LCNEC of the extrah...

    Authors: Makoto Murakami, Kanji Katayama, Shigeru Kato, Daisuke Fujimoto, Mitsuhiro Morikawa, Kenji Koneri, Yasuo Hirono and Takanori Goi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:141
  6. Anomalies of the appendix are extremely rare, and a horseshoe appendix is even rarer. A literature search has revealed only five reported cases. In this report, we present a case of a horseshoe appendix.

    Authors: Kazuya Takabatake, Jun Ikeda, Hirotaka Furuke, Chikage Kato, Takuya Kishimoto, Tatsuya Kumano, Kenichiro Imura, Katsumi Shimomura, Takeshi Kubota, Fumihiro Taniguchi and Yasuhiro Shioaki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:140
  7. Synchronous double cancers consisting of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiolocellular carcinoma (CoCC) are extremely rare. We herein report a surgical case of synchronous double cancers in a patient ...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Suzumura, Yasukane Asano, Tadamichi Hirano, Toshihiro Okada, Naoki Uyama, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Hiroko Iijima, Keiji Nakasho, Shuhei Nishiguchi and Jiro Fujimoto
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:139
  8. We report an interesting case of a 66-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with bilateral coronary ostial stenosis cardiovascular syphilis complicated by aortic regurgitation (AR). A 12-lead ele...

    Authors: Mutsuo Tanaka, Minoru Okamoto and Toshihiko Murayama
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:138
  9. Nilotinib inhibits the tyrosine kinase activities of ABL1/BCR-ABL1, KIT, and platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFRs). The results of a phase III clinical trial indicated that nilotinib could not be r...

    Authors: Takahito Sugase, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Takashi Ishikawa, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Tatsuo Kanda, Seiichi Hirota, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Toshifumi Wakai, Masaki Mori and Yuichiro Doki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:137
  10. Larger insulinomas are reportedly more likely to be malignant; however, their biological behavior has not been clearly elucidated. We here report the characteristics and treatment of a giant insulinoma with lo...

    Authors: Kazumitsu Ueda, Tetsuro Taira, Hiroyuki Hakoda, Shoko Nakata, Shinya Okata, Takeshi Nagai, Shigeo Aoki, Hideyuki Mishima, Akihiko Sako, Tsunehiko Maruyama and Minoru Okumura
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:136
  11. Adenocarcinoma arising in an ileal diverticulum are very rare. A 66-year-old man was recognized to have high serum CEA level and periappendiceal polycystic tumor in CT findings. Colonoscopy showed no abnormali...

    Authors: Ryo Ikeshima, Junichi Nishimura, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Taishi Hata, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki and Masaki Mori
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:135
  12. Severe blunt hepatic injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients. Damage control (DC) surgery has been reported to be useful in severely compromised children with hepatic injury. W...

    Authors: Takashi Kobayashi, Masayuki Kubota, Yuhki Arai, Toshiyuki Ohyama, Naoki Yokota, Kohei Miura, Hirosuke Ishikawa, Daiki Soma, Kazuyasu Takizawa, Jun Sakata, Masayuki Nagahashi, Hitoshi Kameyama and Toshifumi Wakai
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:134
  13. A tumor consisting of an adenocarcinoma component and a neuroendocrine carcinoma component, with each component accounting for at least 30% of the tumor, is defined as a mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MA...

    Authors: Kouki Imaoka, Saburo Fukuda, Hirofumi Tazawa, Yoshio Kuga, Tetsuya Mochizuki, Yuzo Hirata, Seiji Fujisaki, Mamoru Takahashi, Toshihiro Nishida and Hideto Sakimoto
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:133
  14. The role of hepatectomy for malignant liver tumors has expanded during the past decades, and vascular reconstruction during liver resection is sometimes necessary to achieve curative surgery.

    Authors: Tomonari Shimagaki, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Shinji Itoh, Takashi Motomura, Akihisa Nagatsu, Noboru Harada, Norifumi Harimoto, Toru Ikegami, Yuji Soejima and Yoshihiko Maehara
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:132
  15. Advanced gastric cancer in the lower third of the stomach often results in stricture of the gastric cavity and digestive symptoms. Gastrojejunostomy has been suggested to improve such symptoms, and the advent ...

    Authors: Masataka Shimonosono, Sumiya Ishigami, Takaaki Arigami, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Yuko Kijima, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yuko Mataki, Kosei Maemura and Shoji Natsugoe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:131
  16. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an emergency procedure to manage severe hemorrhagic shock from torso injury but can cause severe ischemia of the lower extremities. However,...

    Authors: Yohei Okada, Hiromichi Narumiya, Wataru Ishi and Iiduka Ryoji
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:130
  17. Thymic carcinomas are usually detected in the anterior mediastinum. Thymic carcinoma occurring in the middle mediastinum and showing an image of a cyst is extremely rare.

    Authors: Shuichi Shinohara, Koji Kuroda, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Soichi Oka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi and Fumihiro Tanaka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:129
  18. Spinal epidural abscess is a rare condition with high morbidity and mortality, for which a delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to irreversible neurologic deficit or even death. Although patients with spi...

    Authors: Mikio Kawamura, Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Satoru Kondo, Takashi Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Keiichi Uchida, Yasuhiko Mohri and Masato Kusunoki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:128
  19. Esophageal schwannomas are rare primary submucosal esophageal tumors. We herein report a case of an esophageal schwannoma that was difficult to diagnose.

    Authors: Takayoshi Watanabe, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Hideyuki Saito, Tomonori Yoshida, Yuji Kumakura, Hiroaki Honjyo, Takehiko Yokobori, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda and Hiroyuki Kuwano
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:127
  20. Pancreas-sparing total duodenectomy (PSTD) is an ideal recommended procedure for patients with multiple duodenal adenomas or early duodenal cancer. We herein report a rare but serious complication of PSTD.

    Authors: Shimpei Otsuka, Teiichi Sugiura and Katsuhiko Uesaka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:126
  21. Occurrence of bronchial artery aneurysm is rare, and it has been detected in less than 1 % of all selective bronchial arteriography cases. Here, we present a case of a bronchial artery aneurysm caused by a tra...

    Authors: Kiyoshi Sato, Satoshi Fumimoto, Takehisa Fukada, Kaoru Ochi, Takayuki Kataoka, Yoshio Ichihashi, Hidetoshi Satomi, Takuya Morita, Nobuharu Hanaoka, Yoshikatsu Okada and Takahiro Katsumata
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:125
  22. Meckel’s diverticulum may sometimes present as an intraluminal polypoid mass causing small bowel obstruction; however, gastrointestinal bleeding due to Meckel’s diverticulum with a polypoid lesion is rare. A 1...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Irie, Seiichi Shinji, Hiroki Arai, Hayato Kan, Takeshi Yamada, Michihiro Koizumi, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Goro Takahashi, Takuma Iwai, Mikihiro Okusa, Keiichiro Ohta and Eiji Uchida
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:124
  23. A 63-year-old man, who had undergone total gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y reconstruction for gastric cancer 10 years previously, was admitted to our hospital with complaints of abdominal pain, palpable abdominal tu...

    Authors: Yuhei Kitasato, Ryuta Midorikawa, Yoshihiro Uchino, Shuko Saku, Taizan Minami, Takahisa Shirahama, Kazumitsu Kiyomatsu, Koji Okuda, Yoshito Akagi and Hiroyuki Tanaka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:123
  24. Patients with spinal cord injury experience changes in the cardiovascular system and a high morbidity associated with peripheral artery disease. We report a case of acute aortic occlusion in a patient with chr...

    Authors: Satoshi Yamamoto, Yuriko Yokomizo, Takafumi Akai, Takehiro Chiyoda, Hiroshi Goto and Yukiyoshi Masaki
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:121
  25. Sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) is a rare inflammatory and fibrosing disease primarily involving the small-bowel mesentery. Recently, SM was reported to be closely related to IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). This ...

    Authors: Atsushi Abe, Tatsuya Manabe, Nobuyoshi Takizawa, Takashi Ueki, Daisuke Yamada, Kinuko Nagayoshi, Yoshihiko Sadakari, Hayato Fujita, Shuntaro Nagai, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Yoshinao Oda and Masafumi Nakamura
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:120
  26. Gastric submucosal tumors are commonly treated by partial resection under laparoscopy. However, the surgical resection of gastric submucosal tumors sometimes causes deformation of the stomach, especially in th...

    Authors: Yoshikage Inoue, Shutaro Gunji, Kazutaka Obama, Hiroshi Okabe and Yoshiharu Sakai
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:119
  27. Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb)-positive graft is reported to cause de novo hepatitis B after liver transplantation with a probability of 38–100 % without prophylaxis. Hepatitis B surface antigen loss is rep...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Hara, Kazuaki Tokodai, Chikashi Nakanishi, Shigehito Miyagi and Naoki Kawagishi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:118
  28. We present the first ever report on a colonic mucocele observed at the distal stump of a transverse loop colostomy caused by neoplasia. A 37-year-old female consulted us because of abdominal pain and vomiting ...

    Authors: Toshiaki Tanaka, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroyuki Abe, Koji Murono, Kensuke Otani, Takeshi Nishikawa, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Hironori Yamaguchi, Soichiro Ishihara, Masashi Fukayama and Toshiaki Watanabe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:117
  29. An atypical type A thymoma variant was newly added to the WHO classification of type A thymoma family in 2015.

    Authors: Masaki Hashimoto, Shigeki Shimizu, Teruhisa Takuwa, Yoshitane Tsukamoto, Tohru Tsujimura and Seiki Hasegawa
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:116
  30. A sarcoid reaction is a phenomenon characterized by histologically proven granulomatous lesions without evidence of sarcoidosis. This pathology is a benign tumor itself, but several reports have described sarc...

    Authors: Takafumi Shima, Yoshinori Tanaka, Kunihiro Katsuragi, Nagahisa Fujio, Shuichi Nakatani, Yasutsugu Kobayashi and Tadayuki Hida
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:115
  31. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of the most common and serious complications following visceral surgery. In recent years, endoluminal vacuum therapy has dramatically changed therapeutic options for AL, but its...

    Authors: K. Krajinovic, S. Reimer, T. Kudlich, C. T. Germer and A. Wiegering
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:114
  32. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) has been reported in 2–7.6 % of patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Most of the reported cases of MALS have been diagnosed perioperatively and treated radi...

    Authors: Ilhan Karabicak, Sohei Satoi, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Tomohisa Yamamoto, Satoshi Hirooka, So Yamaki, Hisashi Kosaka, Masaya Kotsuka, Kentoro Inoue, Yoichi Matsui and Masanori Kon
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:113
  33. We herein experienced a case with pseudo-Meigs’ syndrome that developed both synchronous and metachronous metastases to the ovary from ascending colon cancer. A 57-year-old female visited a hospital for a 2-mo...

    Authors: Atsushi Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Miyasaka, Kazushige Furuya, Hideki Watanabe, Masahiro Maruyama, Haruka Nakada, Atsushi Takano, Masao Hada, Hiroshi Nakagomi, Masao Omata and Toshio Oyama
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:112
  34. Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a relatively rare disorder of the gallbladder. Breast cancer recurrence more than 10 years after curative surgery is also infrequent.

    Authors: Masakazu Hashimoto, Kei Koide, Michinori Arita, Koji Kawaguchi, Masakazu Tokunaga, Yoshihiro Mikuriya and Toshiyuki Iwamoto
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:111
  35. Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma accompanied by a right atrial tumor thrombus is rare. No standard treatment modality has been established. Surgical treatment may be the only curative treatment; however, sur...

    Authors: Mineto Ohta, Chikashi Nakanishi, Naoki Kawagishi, Yasuyuki Hara, Kai Maida, Toshiaki Kashiwadate, Koji Miyazawa, Satoru Yoshida, Shigehito Miyagi, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Yasushi Matsuda, Yoshinori Okada, Yoshikatsu Saiki and Noriaki Ohuchi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:110
  36. The need for surveillance of rare late recurrence of rectal cancer has not yet been established. Local control of unresectable skeletal metastasis is important for palliation of symptoms and support for system...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Shigeru Yamada and Toshiaki Watanabe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:109
  37. The incidence of thyroid metastasis among colorectal cancer patients is extremely rare. We report a case of colonic adenocarcinoma metastasis to the thyroid gland with treatment of lung and liver metastases, i...

    Authors: Shigeki Minami, Keiji Inoue, Junji Irie, Takashi Mine, Nobuhiro Tada, Masataka Hirabaru, Kazumasa Noda, Shinichiro Ito and Masashi Haraguchi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:108
  38. A 65-year-old man with cT3N2M0 stage III cervical esophageal cancer underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction through the retrosternal route after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The anas...

    Authors: Daisuke Taniguchi, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Nakashima, Ryosuke Tsutsumi, Sho Nishimura, Kensuke Kudou, Yu Nakaji, Hirotada Tajiri, Satoshi Tsutsumi, Takafumi Yukaya, Ryota Nakanishi, Masahiko Sugiyama, Hideto Sonoda, Kippei Ohgaki, Eiji Oki and Yoshihiko Maehara
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:107
  39. Systemic chemotherapy for stage IV colorectal cancer has advanced markedly in the recent years. We report an unusual case of 13 synchronous liver metastases for which a pathological complete response was achie...

    Authors: Ryosuke Arata, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Satoshi Ikeda, Hideki Nakahara, Akihiko Oshita, Katsunori Shinozaki and Takashi Nishisaka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:106
  40. Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is an uncommon pathological situation, which involves the presence of bland, fibrin-platelet thrombi. It usually occurs at the endocardium of cardiac valves, in ass...

    Authors: Ai Sugimoto, Shuichi Shiraishi, Maya Watanabe, Jiyong Moon, Riuko Ohashi, Masashi Takahashi and Masanori Tsuchida
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:105
  41. The appropriate therapy for metastatic breast cancer must be selected based on the immunohistochemical phenotype of the cancer. However, biopsy for metastatic lesions is difficult. We herein report a patient w...

    Authors: Ryutaro Mori, Manabu Futamura, Kasumi Morimitsu and Kazuhiro Yoshida
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:104
  42. Spontaneous biliary peritonitis is rare in adults. We herein report a case of spontaneous biliary peritonitis. An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain for 5 days. He developed fever,...

    Authors: Ryoga Hamura, Koichiro Haruki, Jun Tsutsumi, Sumio Takayama, Hiroaki Shiba and Katsuhiko Yanaga
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:103
  43. Carcinosarcoma of the ampulla of Vater is extremely rare, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the third reported study.

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Naoki Yazawa, Daisuke Furukawa, Yoshihito Masuoka, Misuzu Yamada, Taro Mashiko, Yohei Kawashima, Masami Ogawa, Yoshiaki Kawaguchi, Tetsuya Mine, Kenichi Hirabayashi and Toshio Nakagohri
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:102
  44. Pleomorphic lung cancer cells have been reported to produce cytokines, resulting in systemic reactions. Recently, the autonomous production of hematopoietic cytokines (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-...

    Authors: Soichi Oka, Hiroki Matsumiya, Shuichi Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Hidetaka Uramoto and Fumihiro Tanaka
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:101
  45. Goodpasture disease (GD) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by the development of pathologic autoantibodies against both glomerular and alveolar basal membranes. Approximately one third of the patient...

    Authors: Go Kataoka, Ryota Asano, Atsuhiko Sato, Wataru Tatsuishi and Kiyoharu Nakano
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:100
  46. The incidence of axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) of colon cancer is very low, and there have been only a few reports of solitary ALNM. Neither the mechanism involved in solitary colon cancer ALNM nor the...

    Authors: Ken Imaizumi, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Tatsushi Shimokuni, Hideyasu Sakihama, Norihiko Takahashi, Hideki Kawamura, Emi Takakuwa and Akinobu Taketomi
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:99
  47. Endometriosis generally occurs in the ovary. Intestinal endometriosis is rare. About 1 % of all endometriosis cases become malignant. Malignant transformation of small intestinal endometriosis is very rare. A ...

    Authors: Yusuke Ogi, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Akio Shiomi, Hiroyasu Kagawa, Yushi Yamakawa, Masakatsu Numata, Akinobu Furutani and Masakazu Abe
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:97
  48. Endoscopic resection is accepted as the standard treatment for early mucosal gastric cancer, and its indications have recently been expanded while its long-term outcomes are still unclear. Herein, we present a...

    Authors: Takao Hara, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Yoshitake Ueda, Yuki Shitomi, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Norio Shiraishi, Tsutomu Daa and Masafumi Inomata
    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:96

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