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  1. Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is an uncommon pathological situation, which involves the presence of bland, fibrin-platelet thrombi. It usually occurs at the endocardium of cardiac valves, in ass...

    Authors: Ai Sugimoto, Shuichi Shiraishi, Maya Watanabe, Jiyong Moon, Riuko Ohashi, Masashi Takahashi and Masanori Tsuchida

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:105

    Content type: Case Report

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  2. The appropriate therapy for metastatic breast cancer must be selected based on the immunohistochemical phenotype of the cancer. However, biopsy for metastatic lesions is difficult. We herein report a patient w...

    Authors: Ryutaro Mori, Manabu Futamura, Kasumi Morimitsu and Kazuhiro Yoshida

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:104

    Content type: Case Report

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  3. Spontaneous biliary peritonitis is rare in adults. We herein report a case of spontaneous biliary peritonitis. An 84-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for abdominal pain for 5 days. He developed fever,...

    Authors: Ryoga Hamura, Koichiro Haruki, Jun Tsutsumi, Sumio Takayama, Hiroaki Shiba and Katsuhiko Yanaga

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:103

    Content type: Case Report

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  4. Carcinosarcoma of the ampulla of Vater is extremely rare, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the third reported study.

    Authors: Hideki Izumi, Naoki Yazawa, Daisuke Furukawa, Yoshihito Masuoka, Misuzu Yamada, Taro Mashiko, Yohei Kawashima, Masami Ogawa, Yoshiaki Kawaguchi, Tetsuya Mine, Kenichi Hirabayashi and Toshio Nakagohri

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:102

    Content type: Case Report

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  5. Pleomorphic lung cancer cells have been reported to produce cytokines, resulting in systemic reactions. Recently, the autonomous production of hematopoietic cytokines (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-...

    Authors: Soichi Oka, Hiroki Matsumiya, Shuichi Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Hidetaka Uramoto and Fumihiro Tanaka

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:101

    Content type: Case Report

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  6. Goodpasture disease (GD) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by the development of pathologic autoantibodies against both glomerular and alveolar basal membranes. Approximately one third of the patient...

    Authors: Go Kataoka, Ryota Asano, Atsuhiko Sato, Wataru Tatsuishi and Kiyoharu Nakano

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:100

    Content type: Case Report

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  7. The incidence of axillary lymph node metastasis (ALNM) of colon cancer is very low, and there have been only a few reports of solitary ALNM. Neither the mechanism involved in solitary colon cancer ALNM nor the...

    Authors: Ken Imaizumi, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Tatsushi Shimokuni, Hideyasu Sakihama, Norihiko Takahashi, Hideki Kawamura, Emi Takakuwa and Akinobu Taketomi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:99

    Content type: Case Report

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  8. Endometriosis generally occurs in the ovary. Intestinal endometriosis is rare. About 1 % of all endometriosis cases become malignant. Malignant transformation of small intestinal endometriosis is very rare. A ...

    Authors: Yusuke Ogi, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Yusuke Kinugasa, Akio Shiomi, Hiroyasu Kagawa, Yushi Yamakawa, Masakatsu Numata, Akinobu Furutani and Masakazu Abe

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:97

    Content type: Case Report

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  9. Endoscopic resection is accepted as the standard treatment for early mucosal gastric cancer, and its indications have recently been expanded while its long-term outcomes are still unclear. Herein, we present a...

    Authors: Takao Hara, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Yoshitake Ueda, Yuki Shitomi, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Norio Shiraishi, Tsutomu Daa and Masafumi Inomata

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:96

    Content type: Case Report

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  10. Asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernia is generally thought to be rare among adults. We present two different types of asymptomatic diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed with computed tomography (CT) and discuss treatment...

    Authors: Ryota Takahashi, Shintaro Akamoto, Mina Nagao, Natsumi Matsuura, Masao Fujiwara, Keiichi Okano and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:95

    Content type: Case Report

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  11. We experience many cases of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer, but synchronous occurrence of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and liver metastasis from a rectal cancer is extremely rare. We herein r...

    Authors: Shintaro Akabane, Masahiro Ohira, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Shintaro Kuroda, Naoki Tanimine, Seiichi Shimizu, Hiroyuki Tahara, Kentaro Ide, Kohei Ishiyama, Hiroyuki Egi, Kazuaki Tanabe, Kazuhiro Sentani, Wataru Yasui and Hideki Ohdan

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:94

    Content type: Case Report

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  12. Congenital esophagobronchial fistula (EBF) is rarely seen in adults. We report a case of EBF detected in adulthood with a destroyed lung. A 67-year-old man experienced repeated pneumonia during his childhood. ...

    Authors: Masaki Ikeda, Yoshitake Murata, Ryoko Ohnishi, Tatsuo Kato, Akira Hara and Takuji Fujinaga

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:93

    Content type: Case Report

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  13. Thromboembolism that occurs in association with a malignant tumor is known as Trousseau syndrome. We herein present a case of Trousseau syndrome during systemic chemotherapy for metastatic colon cancer. A 65-y...

    Authors: Takahiko Akiyama, Yuji Miyamoto, Yasuo Sakamoto, Ryuma Tokunaga, Keisuke Kosumi, Hironobu Shigaki, Junji Kurashige, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yoshifumi Baba, Naoya Yoshida and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:91

    Content type: Case Report

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  14. Liposarcoma of the esophagus is very rare. We experienced a huge (27.5 × 11.6 cm) liposarcoma of the esophagus. A 73-year-old man presented with severe dyspnea requiring emergency tracheal intubation. Computed...

    Authors: Gosuke Takiguchi, Tetsu Nakamura, Yasunori Otowa, Ayako Tomono, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Satoshi Suzuki, Tsukasa Ishida and Yoshihiro Kakeji

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:90

    Content type: Case Report

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  15. Indocyanine green (ICG) excretory defect is a dye excretory disorder, and it is characterized by the selective impairment of plasma ICG clearance with normal liver histology. The pathophysiology involves selec...

    Authors: Shinya Imada, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Azusa Kitao, Osamu Matsui, Masakazu Hashimoto, Kentaro Ide, Kohei Ishiyama, Koji Arihiro, Hirotaka Tashiro and Hideki Ohdan

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:89

    Content type: Case Report

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  16. Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is still difficult to diagnose and repair. In almost all cases, recurrence appears relatively soon after the primary surgery. We herein describe a case of recurrent TE...

    Authors: Hajime Takayasu, Kouji Masumoto, Miki Ishikawa, Takato Sasaki and Kentaro Ono

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:88

    Content type: Case Report

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  17. Recently, gastrointestinal stromal tumors that have developed outside of the digestive tract have been reported. These tumors are collectively termed extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Extra-gastrointestin...

    Authors: Takeshi Nagai, Kazumitsu Ueda, Hiroyuki Hakoda, Shinya Okata, Shoko Nakata, Tetsuro Taira, Shigeo Aoki, Hideyuki Mishima, Akihiro Sako, Tsunehiko Maruyama and Minoru Okumura

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:87

    Content type: Case Report

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  18. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are potentially malignant mesenchymal tumors that can give rise to distant metastases, mainly in the liver. The co-occurrence of synchronous primary liver tumors (e.g., ...

    Authors: Kohei Yamashita, Yoshifumi Baba, Junji Kurashige, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Yasuo Sakamoto, Akira Chikamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Toru Beppu and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:86

    Content type: Case Report

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  19. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder that is classically characterized by the presence of neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid glands, the anterior pituitary ...

    Authors: Ryo Okada, Tatsuo Shimura, Shigeyuki Tsukida, Jin Ando, Yasuhide Kofunato, Tomoyuki Momma, Rei Yashima, Yoshihisa Koyama, Shinichi Suzuki and Seiichi Takenoshita

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:84

    Content type: Case Report

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  20. The incidence of rectovaginal fistula in women with Crohn’s disease has been reported to be 3–10 %. Although rectovaginal fistulas can be managed medically and surgically, they have high rates of recurrence an...

    Authors: Fumihiko Matsuzawa, Shigenori Homma, Tadashi Yoshida, Susumu Shibasaki, Nozomi Minagawa, Tatsushi Shimokuni, Hideyasu Sakihama, Hideki Kawamura, Norihiko Takahashi and Akinobu Taketomi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:83

    Content type: Case Report

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  21. Although radiofrequency-assisted devices have sometimes been used in partial splenectomy, this is not a common technique. This report describes the first case of laparoscopic partial splenectomy using an RF-as...

    Authors: R. Quesada, I. Poves, M. Iglesias, E. Berjano, L. Grande and F. Burdío

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:82

    Content type: Case Report

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  22. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) after liver transplantation (LT) is a difficult complication. We report a case of disseminated intravascular coagulation after deceased donor liver transplantation ...

    Authors: Koichi Kimura, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Shinji Itoh, Norifumi Harimoto, Takashi Motomura, Noboru Harada, Akihisa Nagatsu, Toru Ikegami, Mizuki Ninomiya, Yuji Soejima and Yoshihiko Maehara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:81

    Content type: Case Report

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  23. A wandering liver is a rare development in both the adult and pediatric population where the liver is freely displaced along a transverse axis. We describe the first known occurrence in published literature of...

    Authors: Alex Ordonez, David Nguyen, Stephanie Mlacker, Andrea Ordonez, Emanuele Lo Menzo, Samuel Szomstein and Raul Rosenthal

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:80

    Content type: Case Report

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  24. Bypass surgery for cancer of the pancreatic head is usually done to palliate the obstructive symptoms in the biliary and/or digestive system. However, it is uncommon for patients to require pancreatic duct dra...

    Authors: Yuzan Kudo, Norihiro Sato, Toshihisa Tamura and Keiji Hirata

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:79

    Content type: Case Report

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  25. Hepatoid carcinoma (HC) is an extremely rare form of neoplasm. Its cellular structure resembles that of a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To date, only 26 cases of hepatoid carcinoma of the pancreas have been ...

    Authors: D. Stamatova, L. Theilmann and C. Spiegelberg

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:78

    Content type: Case Report

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  26. Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding which is usually associated with recent abdominal/oncologic or retroperitoneal surgery. It is not usually seen in cases of acute obstruction.

    Authors: Yuichi Akama, Tetsuya Shimizu, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Daisuke Kakinuma, Hitoshi Kanno, Aya Yamagishi, Hiroki Arai and Eiji Uchida

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:77

    Content type: Case Report

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  27. Clostridium difficile (CD)‐associated colitis (CDAC) is endemic and a common nosocomial enteric disease encountered by surgeons in modern hospitals due to prophylactic or therapeutic a...

    Authors: Kazuhito Minami, Yoshihisa Sakaguchi, Daisuke Yoshida, Manabu Yamamoto, Masahiko Ikebe, Masaru Morita and Yasushi Toh

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:76

    Content type: Case Report

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  28. Hypergastrinemia and the resultant peptic ulcer related to an enteric duplication has been quite rarely reported in the literature.

    Authors: Hideaki Tanaka, Kouji Masumoto, Takato Sasaki, Naoya Sakamoto, Chikashi Gotoh, Yasuhisa Urita, Toko Shinkai, Hajime Takayasu, Noriyuki Nakano, Masayuki Noguchi and Toyoichiro Kudo

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:75

    Content type: Case Report

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  29. A 59-year-old man presenting with fecal occult blood visited our hospital. He was diagnosed with advanced lower rectal cancer, which was contiguous with the prostate and the left seminal vesicle. There were no...

    Authors: Kengo Hayashi, Masanori Kotake, Daiki Kakiuchi, Sho Yamada, Masahiro Hada, Yosuke Kato, Chikashi Hiranuma, Kaeko Oyama and Takuo Hara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:74

    Content type: Case Report

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  30. Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the ampulla of Vater are rare and difficult to diagnose. We report a rare case of a small NET of the ampulla of Vater with metastasis to distant lymph nodes.

    Authors: Mariko Tsukagoshi, Yasuo Hosouchi, Kenichiro Araki, Yasushi Mochida, Ryusuke Aihara, Ken Shirabe and Hiroyuki Kuwano

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:73

    Content type: Case Report

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  31. Klebsiella pneumonia is a well-known human pathogen, and recently, a distinct invasive syndrome caused by K. pneumoniae serotypes K1 and K2 has been recognized in Southeast Asia. This ...

    Authors: Ryota Seo, Daisuke Kudo, Yoshiaki Gu, Hisakazu Yano, Tetsuji Aoyagi, Taku Omura, Shigemi Irino, Mitsuo Kaku and Shigeki Kushimoto

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:72

    Content type: Case Report

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  32. Gallbladder small cell carcinoma (SCC) comprises only 0.5 % of all gallbladder cancer and consists of aggressive tumors with poor survival outcomes against current treatments. These tumors are most common in e...

    Authors: Toshiyuki Adachi, Masashi Haraguchi, Junji Irie, Tomoko Yoshimoto, Ryohei Uehara, Shinichiro Ito, Hirotaka Tokai, Kazumasa Noda, Nobuhiro Tada, Masataka Hirabaru, Keiji Inoue, Shigeki Minami and Susumu Eguchi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:71

    Content type: Case Report

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  33. Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, which is also known as Boerhaave’s syndrome, is a rare life-threatening condition that requires urgent surgical management. The optimal treatment involves surgical repair ...

    Authors: Ryuichi Mikami, Yoshihiko Nakamoto, Hirokuni Ikeda, Hiroyuki kayata, Teppei Murakami and Mitsuo Yamamoto

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:70

    Content type: Case Report

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  34. The treatment outcome of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma remains insufficient because it is difficult to obtain accurate diagnosis of tumor spreading and effective treatment agent is quite limited in spite of ...

    Authors: Hirohisa Okabe, Akira Chikamoto, Masataka Maruno, Daisuke Hashimoto, Katsunori Imai, Katsunobu Taki, Kota Arima, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideaki Uchiyama, Toru Ikegami, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toru Beppu, Hideo Baba and Yoshihiko Maehara

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:69

    Content type: Case Report

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  35. Liver involvement in Turner syndrome (TS) patients has been more clearly clarified in recent years. Most of the clinical manifestations in TS are asymptomatic and can be detected as liver test abnormalities; h...

    Authors: Seiichi Kawabata, Seisuke Sakamoto, Masaki Honda, Shintaro Hayashida, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Yoshiki Mikami and Yukihiro Inomata

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:68

    Content type: Case Report

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  36. An 80-year-old man presented in another hospital with acute abdominal pain; computed tomography indicated hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) and small intestinal thickening. He was then transferred to our hospit...

    Authors: Masato Yamadera, Yoshiki Kajiwara, Eiji Shinto, Ryota Hokari, Hideyuki Shimazaki, Junji Yamamoto, Kazuo Hase and Hideki Ueno

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:66

    Content type: Case Report

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  37. Duodenal varices are a low-frequency cause of gastrointestinal bleeding; however, greater than 40 % mortality has been reported after the initial bleeding episode.

    Authors: Go Anegawa, Kenji Sumi, Atsushi Miyoshi, Kenji Kitahara and Seiji Satou

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:65

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. Although surgical resection is the only way to cure biliary tract cancer (BTC), most BTCs are unresectable by the time they are diagnosed. Chemotherapy is usually used to treat unresectable BTC, but its impact...

    Authors: Masahito Uji, Takashi Mizuno, Tomoki Ebata, Gen Sugawara, Tsuyoshi Igami, Keisuke Uehara and Masato Nagino

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:63

    Content type: Case Report

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  39. Intraepithelial neoplasias are preinvasive neoplastic lesions found throughout in the digestive system, and when such lesions are discovered in the gallbladder, they are referred to as intracystic papillary ne...

    Authors: Ryuichiro Sato, Toshinori Ando, Hiroo Tateno, Toshiki Rikiyama, Toru Furukawa and Nobuo Ebina

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:62

    Content type: Case Report

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  40. Patients with congenital choledochal cyst are at risk of the development of hepatobiliary malignancy, with recommended treatment of choledochal cyst being surgical excision. The development of cholangiocarcino...

    Authors: Deanna Wan Jie Ng, Adrian Kah Heng Chiow, Wee Teng Poh and Siong San Tan

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:60

    Content type: Case Report

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  41. Perivascular epithelial cell tumors (PEComas), firstly described by Bonetti in 1992, are a family of mesenchymal tumor composed of perivascular epithelioid cells having epithelioid or spindle morphology and ex...

    Authors: Yusuke Mizuuchi, Kazuyoshi Nishihara, Akifumi Hayashi, Sadafumi Tamiya, Satoshi Toyoshima, Yoshinao Oda and Toru Nakano

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:59

    Content type: Case Report

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  42. The most common pattern of recurrence of gastric cancer (GC) is peritoneal dissemination. However, rectal metastasis via hematogenous or lymphatic spread is exceedingly rare. We present a case of a 65-year-old...

    Authors: Norio Uemura, Junji Kurashige, Keisuke Kosumi, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Kohei Yamashita, Shiro Iwagami, Yoshifumi Baba, Yasuo Sakamoto, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Yumi Honda, Yoshiki Mikami and Hideo Baba

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:58

    Content type: Case Report

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  43. The safety and efficacy of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for early gastric cancer have been demonstrated in clinical studies. The aim of this study was to clarify the safety and efficacy of LA...

    Authors: Go Anegawa, Yuichiro Nakashima, Yoshihiko Fujinaka and Ikuo Takahashi

    Citation: Surgical Case Reports 2016 2:56

    Content type: Case Report

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