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Table 1 Cases of pneumothorax with congenital pericardial defect

From: Right pneumothorax with congenital pericardial defect showed right atrium mimicking bulla in surgery

Author Year Age Sex Side Symptoms ECG Surgical intervention
Kostiainen 1975 38 F Left Chest pain, palpitation dyspnea ND  + 
Nakagawa 1985 17 M Left Dyspnea, cough Normal
Pickhardt 1998 39 M Left Chest pain, dyspnea Left-axis deviation (− 55°)
Sugiyama 2015 18 M Left ND Abnormal Q wave on leads V1 and V2
Sugiura 2016 67 M Left Chest pain Tachycardia, normal axis
Murasawa 2016 72 M Left Dyspnea Sinus, right-axis deviation
Date 2020 16 M Left Chest pain, dyspnea Right-axis deviation within the normal range
Loo 2021 22 M Left Shortness of breath ND
Sugiura 2022 52 M Right Dyspnea Normal axis
  1. ND not described