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Table 2 Clinical features of 24 case reports (including our case) of spontaneous common bile duct perforation in adults searched from 2001 to 2021

From: Spontaneous common bile duct perforation due to choledocolithiasis accompanied with pancreaticobiliary maljunction in an adult: a case report

Case Author Year Age Sex Duration of symptoms (days) Imaging modality for preoperative diagnosis Paracentesis Preoperative diagnosis
1 Balsarkar [2] 2001 21 F 1 US Biliary fluid N.D
2 Rege [17] 2002 55 M 2 US Biliary fluid N.D
3 Razman [18] 2004 36 M 14 N.D Not performed Perforated peptic ulcer
4 McGrath [3] 2005 34 F 1 N.D Not performed Appendicitis/perforation
5 Marwah [4] 2005 65 F 5 US Not performed Perforation of CBD
6 Talwar [19] 2006 21 F 3 US Biliary fluid Duodenal ulcer perforation
7 Joseph [14] 2008 28 F 5 US Biliary fluid N.D
8 Dabbas [5] 2008 20 F 56 US, CT Not performed N.D
9 Bhattacharjee [6] 2009 35 F 90 US, CT Biliary fluid Peptic or gallbladder perforation
10 Karvonen [20] 2009 67 M 7 CT Biliary fluid Not surgical case (ERBD placement)
11 Yaşar [21] 2009 38 F 14 US, CT Not performed N.D
12 Khanna [7] 2010 50 F 5 N.D Biliary fluid Peptic perforation
13 Laway [22] 2013 35 M 2 US, CT Biliary fluid Duodenal perforation
14 Paramhans [12] 2013 44 F 1 US Not performed N.D
15 Bowan [8] 2013 29 F 4 N.D Biliary fluid Peptic perforation
16 Singh [15] 2014 25 F 2 US Not performed N.D
17 Ishii [9] 2016 82 M 3 US, CT Not performed Hemorrhage/Colitis/Appendicitis
18 Pülat [16] 2016 36 F 7 US, CT Not performed Perforation of CBD
19 Subasinghe [10] 2016 66 F 3 US Not performed Peritonitis
20 Hamura [1] 2016 84 M 5 US, CT, (postoperative ERCP) Biliary fluid Bile peritonitis
21 Mohanty [11] 2017 17 F 3 US Biliary fluid Peptic perforation
22 Huda [23] 2017 40 M 90 US Biliary fluid Perforation of CBD
23 Amberger [24] 2018 28 F N.D US, CT, MRI, Scintigraphy Biliary fluid Perforation of CBD
24 Our case 2021 71 F Unknown US, CT Biliary fluid Perforation of CBD
Case Causes Surgical procedure (emergency) Location of perforation Outcome
1 Stone, pregnancy T tube drainage Below of the opening of the cystic duct Alive
2 N.D T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Lateral wall of CBD inferior of the cystic duct Alive
3 N.D T tube drainage Supraduodenal Alive
4 Stone, pregnancy Caesarean section Junction of cystic duct (ERCP) Alive
5 Stone Cholecystectomy, choledochoduodenostomy Supraduodenal Alive
6 Pregnancy T tube drainage Supraduodenal Alive
7 Pregnancy, choledochal cyst T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Supraduodenal Alive
8 Stone, pregnancy T tube drainage Anterior surface Alive
9 Stone T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Posterior wall Alive
10 N.D (ERCP case) Common hepatic duct Alive
11 N.D T tube drainage, omentoplasty Retropancreatic portion Alive
12 Stone T tube drainage Supraduodenal N.D
13 N.D T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Supraduodenal Alive
14 Infection T tube drainage, cholecystectomy CBD at cystic junction Alive
15 Stone, pregnancy T tube drainage, cholecystectomy 2 parts: hepatic duct, supraduodenal Alive
16 Choledochal cyst, pancreatitis, pregnancy T tube drainage, cholecystectomy 2 parts: mid, supraduodenal Alive
17 Stone RTBD, cholecystectomy Left hepatic duct Alive
18 Pancreatitis T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Common hepatic duct Alive
19 Stone T tube drainage, cholecystectomy CBD at cystic junction Alive
20 Stone Abdominal lavage only N.D Dead
21 N.D T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Supraduodenal Alive
22 N.D T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Supraduodenal Alive
23 N.D (ERCP case) Supraduodenal Alive
24 Maljunction, stone, pancreatitis, cholangitis T tube drainage, cholecystectomy Supraduodenal Alive
  1. US ultrasonography, CT computed tomography, ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, MRI magnetic resonance imaging, ERBD endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage, CBD common bile duct, N.D. not described