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Table 1 Previously reported cases of intraoperative complications during video- and robot-assisted pulmonary resection

From: Stapling of an endobronchial suction tube with the bronchus during robot-assisted right lower lobectomy: a case report

Author (year) Type of surgery Evaluation period Institution Number of patients Intraoperative major complication* Bronchial injury
Flores (2011) [9] VATS 2002–2010 Single 633 12 (2%) 1 (0.2%)
Decaluwe (2015) [10] VATS NA Multi 3076 46 (1.5%) 3 (0.1%)
Cao (2019) [11] RATS 2002–2018 Single 1264 35 (1.9%) 4 (0.3%)
Ueno (2020) [12] RATS 2017–2019 Single 196 8 (4.2%) 3 (1.5%)
  1. VATS video-assisted thoracic surgery, RATS robot-assisted thoracic surgery, NA not available
  2. *Intraoperative major complications are defined as events that resulted in an additional unplanned major surgical procedure other than the planned lobectomy