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Table.1 List of previously reported cases with right-sided Bochdalek hernia in adults

From: Right-sided Bochdalek hernia in an adult with hepatic malformation and intestinal malrotation

Author Year Age Sex Chief complain Anomaly Herniated viscera Size of defect Route Approach Sac Repair
Sato 1973 48 M Chest pain, dyspnea Visceral inversion
Mesenterium commune
Jejunum, ileum 6 × 3 cm A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Ochi 1984 43 M Abdominal pain, abdominal distension Gastric volvulus Duodenum, liver, gallbladder Chicken egg size T/A Thoracotomic
Laparotomic
Absent Suture
Zaima 1984 47 F Chest pain Mesenterium commune
Thinning of the right hepatic lobe
Small intestine, colon 6 × 4 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Sinha 1989 70 F Chest pain, shortness of breath None Colon 3 × 3 cm A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Idota 1997 68 F Abdominal pain Thinning of the liver
Incomplete fixation of the colon
Ileum, colon 8 × 5 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Mar Fan 1999 36 F Abdominal pain None Small intestine 5 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Zenda 2000 69 M Abdominal pain Thinning of the liver Ileum, colon, gallbladder 15 × 10 cm A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Kanazawa 2002 63 F Abdominal pain, dyspnea Thinning of the liver Colon, kidney 12 cm T/A Thoracotomic
Laparotomic
Unknown Suture
Kiriyama 2002 41 F Cough, sputum Thinning of the liver
Intestinal malrotation
Stomach, duodenum, small intestine 10 × 7 cm A Laparotomic Absent Mesh
Masuda 2007 80 F Abdominal pain, vomiting Incomplete fixation of the duodenum Stomach, duodenum Unknown A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Rosen 2007 50 M Dyspnea None Retroperitoneal fat 2 × 2 cm A Laparoscopic Unknown Mesh
Hirose 2008 64 M Cough, hemoptysis None Colon, liver, kidney 8 × 8 cm T Thoracotomic Absent Mesh
Fraser 2009 75 F Cough None Small intestine, colon, kidney 8 × 5 cm T/A Thoracoscopic
Laparoscopic
Present Mesh
Laakesonen 2009 38 F Abdominal pain None Colon, liver 10 cm T/A Thoracotomic
Laparoscopic
Absent Suture + mesh
Matsushita 2009 21 F No complaint None Small part of the liver 3 cm T/A Thoracotomic
Laparotomic
Present Suture
Murakami 2010 85 M Abdominal pain Thinning of the liver Ileum 3 cm A Laparotomic Absent Mesh
Nishiwaki 2011 59 M Dyspnea None Small intestine, liver 10 × 8 cm T Thoracotomic Absent Mesh
Choi 2012 29 M Chest pain, dyspnea Thinning of the liver Duodenum, ileum, jejunum, colon, pancreas head 7 cm T/A Thoracotomic
Laparotomic
Unknown Mesh
Almeida 2013 49 F Cough, sputum None Colon 6 × 3 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Miyake 2013 80 M Abdominal pain Unknown Small intestine Unknown A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Mizoguchi 2013 71 F Dyspnea Mesenterium commune Small intestine, colon 4 × 3.5 cm A Laparotomic Absent Mesh
Patle 2013 50 F Dyspnea, abdominal discomfort Incomplete fixation of the liver Colon, kidney 10 × 8 cm A Laparoscopic Absent Suture + mesh
Debergh 2014 38 F Abdominal pain None Small intestine 5 × 4 cm A Laparoscopic Absent Suture
Salústio 2014 50 F Abdominal pain, vomiting Intestinal malrotation
Incomplete fixation of the colon and the liver
Small intestine Unknown A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Watanabe 2015 65 F Abdominal pain, dyspnea None Colon, small part of the liver 5 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Kohli 2016 22 M Chest pain, shortness of breath Abnormal rotation of the liver Small intestine, colon, gallbladder 10 cm T/A Thoracotomic
Laparoscopic
Present Mesh
Ohtsuka 2016 89 F Abdominal pain, vomiting, dyspnea Incomplete fixation of the colon Ileum, colon 4.5 × 3 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Moro 2017 89 F Abdominal pain None Ileum 3 × 2 cm A Laparotomic Unknown Suture
Jambhekar 2018 74 M Nausea, vomiting None Colon, liver 8 × 6 cm A Robotic Unknown Suture
Hojo 2019 70 F Abdominal pain Thinning of the liver incomplete fixation of the colon Ileum, colon, liver 6 × 5 cm A Laparoscopic Absent Suture
Toda 2019 72 M Nausea None Retroperitoneal fat 8 × 5 cm T Thoracotomic Absent Suture
Onishi 2020 66 F Abdominal pain Thinning of the liver Colon, liver, gallbladder 7 × 5 cm T/A Thoracoscopic
Laparoscopic
Absent Suture
Kyoku 2021 77 F Abdominal pain None Small intestine 3 × 3 cm A Laparotomic Absent Suture
Present case 2021 47 F Dyspnea Thinning of the liver
Intestinal malrotation
Duodenum, small intestine, colon, kidney 11 × 5 cm A Laparotomic Absent Mesh
  1. A Abdominal, F Female, M Male, T Thoracic, T/A Thoracoabdominal