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Table 1 Reported cases of primary hepatic gastrinoma

From: Primary hepatic gastrinoma being diagnosed preoperatively: a case report and literature review

Author (year) Patient Location Number Size (mm) Serum gastrin level (pg/mL) ZES Preoperative localization diagnosis Performed operation Outcome Recurrence
Before resection After resection
Gould (1981) 34 F Right Multiple 130 170,750 No resection + ND No resection 36 M, alive ND
Wolfe (1982) 61 F Left Solitary ND 1500 82 +  −  Total gastrectomy, hepatectomy (ND)  > 120 M, alive ND
Thompson (1983) 47 M Right Solitary ND 2700 WNL +  −  Total gastrectomy, extended right hepatectomy 13 M, alive ND
Smith (1984) 8 M Right Solitary 20 893 fmol/ml (< 56) WNL +  −  Right anterior segmentectomy 18 M, alive ND
Thompson (1985) 23 M Right Solitary 25 670 WNL +  −  ND 24 M, alive ND
Arnold (1989) 35 F Both Multiple ND 81 pmol/L (< 40) WNL +  −  Liver transplantation 38 M, alive ND
Larriva-Sahd (1992) 13 M Right Solitary 32 27,175 WNL +  −  Local excision 24 M, alive ND
Goletti (1992) 30 M Right Solitary 50 572 64 +  −  Right hemihepatectomy 60 M, alive ND
Moriura (1993) 50 F Right Solitary 46 ND WNL +  −  Anterior inferior segmentectomy 24 M, alive ND
Inoue (1993) 43 F Left Solitary 20 238 60–100 ND ND ND 60 M, alive ND
Kanakia (1994)
Krishnamurthy (1996)
9 M Right Solitary 60 1800 38–103 +  −  Selective vagotomy with wedge resection gastrojejunostomy 36 M, alive ND
Wu (1997) 27 F ND ND ND 289 45–76 ND ND ND 81 M, alive ND
  35 M ND ND ND 1607 44–56 ND ND ND 16 M, alive ND
  42 M ND ND ND 478 106–200 ND ND ND 95 M, alive +
Tiomny (1997) 50 M Left Solitary 70 150 WNL + +(SRS) Left hemihepatectomy 18 M, alive ND
Kehagias and Smyrniotis (1999) 57 M Left Solitary 180 400 50.4 +  −  Left hemihepatectomy 14 M, alive ND
Chien (2001) 27 F Right Multiple 150 1224 WNL +  −  Right lobectomy, partial segmentectomy 42 M, alive ND
Diaz (2003) 13 M Left Solitary 70 1141 30 + +(SRS) Left lateral hepatectomy 48 M, alive ND
Delgado (2004) 29 F Left Solitary 70 1149 WNL + +(SRS) Left hepatectomy 36 M, alive ND
Ulusan (2005) 46 F Right Solitary 120 190 ND +  −  ND ND ND
Shibata (2006) 50 M Right Solitary 45 1500 WNL + +(SACI) Extended right hemihepatectomy 60 M, alive ND
Ishikawa (2008) 44 F Right Solitary 40 1500 WNL +  −  Enucleation (S8/4) 12 M, alive ND
Rascarachi (2009) 51 M Left Solitary 100 114 19 +  −  Left hemihepatectomy 24 M, alive ND
Kuiper (2009) 39 M Left Solitary ND 889 ng/L 347 ng/L +  −  Segmentectomy of S2  > 192 M, alive +
Evans (2010) 46 F Left Solitary 40 3120 41 +  −  Left lateral segmentectomy  > 2 M, alive ND
Tsalis (2011) 56 M Left Solitary 10 1688 19 +  −  Left hemihepatectomy 20 M, alive ND
Otsuka (2012) 35 F Both Multiple 63 3800 67 +  −  Posterior segmentectomy 81 M, alive +
Harvey (2012) 48 M Right Solitary 65 288 WNL +  −  Extended right hemihepatectomy 72 M, alive ND
Schroeder (2015) 51 F Right Solitary 34  > 5000 77 +  −  Caudate lobe resection 6 M, alive ND
Lu (2012) 51 F Right Solitary 34 36,357 38 +  − (Exploratory laparotomy) ND 6 M, alive ND
Naoe (2012) 77 F Right Multiple 19 41,000 WNL + +(SACI) Right lateral segmentectomy 12 M, alive ND
Ogawa (2015) 28 M Right Solitary 12 846 WNL + +(SACI) ND 6 M, alive ND
Hagi (2017) 57 F Right Solitary 23 12,037  < 50 + +(SACI) Anterior segmentectomy, duodenectomy 48 M, alive ND
Pipek (2018) 19 M Both Solitary 195 6709 40.5 +  −  Left trisegmentectomy 12 M, alive ND
Our case 29 M Right Solitary 78 3580 65 + + Extended right hemihepatectomy   
  1. M month, ND no description, WNL within normal limits