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Table 1 Laboratory data before and after chemotherapy

From: The therapeutic strategy for advanced gastric cancer with pyloric stenosis and liver metastasis; successfully treated by gastro-jejunal bypass and chemotherapy first, followed by curative R0 resection

  Normal range Before chemotherapy After chemotherapy
Total protein (g/dL) 6.1–8.2 4.5 6.7
Albumin (g/dL) 3.9–5.0 2.5 4.2
Pre-albumin (g/dL) 21.0–41.0 16.7 33.8
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 13.7–16.8 5.5 11.6
White blood cell count (/mm3) 3200–8500 4100 5100
Total lymphatic count (/mm3) 1100–3300 1312 1571
Prognostic nutritional index (PNI)a ≥ 40 31.6 49.9
AFP (ng/mL) ≤ 10.0 53.6 13.7
CEA (ng/mL) ≤ 5.0 4.4 4.5
CA19-9 (U/mL) ≤ 37.0 3.5 2.9
  1. aPNI = (10 × albumin (g/dL)) + (0.005 × total lymphatic count (/mm3))