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Table 1 Summary review of case report articles on multiple gallbladders with carcinoma

From: Extremely rare case of H-type gallbladder duplication coexistent with carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature

Author Year Sex Age (year old) Type of duplication Preoperative imaging modalities Location of carcinoma Preoperative diagnosis of MG/carcinoma Histological description Stone Procedure
Raymond et al. 1956 F 53 H-type, ductular type None Accessory gallbladder No/no Papillary adenocarcinoma (−) Cholecystectomy
Roeder et al. 1971 M 36 H-type (triplication), right trabecular type None Accessory gallbladder (second gallbladder) No/no Papillary adenocarcinoma (−) Cholecystectomy
Kin et al. 1996 F 50 H-type, left trabecular type US, CT, MRI, cholangiography via PTBD tube, angiography Accessory gallbladder No/yes Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (malignant cells had spread to the surrounding tissues both directly and via lymph vessels in the Grisson’s sheath) (−) Extended right hepatectomy
Kawanishi et al. 2010 M 75 H-type, left trabecular type US, CT, MRCP, ERCP, PET, cholangiography via ENBD tube Accessory gallbladder Yes/yes Well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma (with infiltration into the submucosal layer) (+) Cholecystectomy
Chen et al. 2018 F 58 H-type, ductular type US, CT, MRCP Accessory gallbladder Yes/yes Adenosquamous carcinoma (2.5 × 2.0 × 1.5 cm), coexistence of cholangiocarcinoma, at the end of the common bile duct (1.2 cm) (−) Not described
Our case 2020 F 80 H-type, ductular type US, CT, MRCP, EUS, PET Accessory gallbladder Yes/yes Papillary adenocarcinoma (mucosal carcinoma, 0.9 × 0.7 cm) (−) Segmentectomy of S4a and 5 with radical dissection of the lymph nodes in the hepatoduodenal ligament
  1. M male, F female, PTBD percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, ENBD endoscopic nasobiliary drainage