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Table 2 Twelve cases of bowel necrosis or NOMI after esophagectomy

From: Successful surgical treatment for nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia of a wide area of the intestine accompanied by gastric conduit necrosis after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: a case report and review of the literature

AuthorAgeSexComorbidityDiagnosisSymptoms after ISAbnormal findings after ISCT findings after ISTreatmentThe extent of ischemic changeOutcome
Lawlor [6]65FNDBarrett’s esophagus and severe dysplasiaAbdominal distensionRespiratory and renal failuresNDIntestinal resection10 cm proximal to the jejunostomy and extending to the cecumSurvival
57MNDECAbdominal distensionFever, hypotension, respiratory and renal failuresPneumatosis intestinalisIntestinal resectionSmall intestine distal to jejunostomySurvival
Hokamura [7]71MNDECAbdominal painBase excess: − 5NDIntestinal resectionAlmost the entire small intestineDead
70MNDECAbdominal painBase excess: − 8NDIntestinal resectionAlmost the entire small intestine and colonDead
75MNDECNDBase excess: − 7NDIntestinal resectionAlmost the entire small intestineDead
Melis [8]54FHypertensionECAbdominal distension and discomfortRespiratory and renal failuresMild ascites and distended loops of small and large intestinesIntestinal resectionJejunostomy and extending distally for about 40 cmDead
Qureshi [9]58MMyocardial infarctionECAbdominal distensionSupraventricular tachycardiaMediastinal collectionLaparotomyCongested gastric tube with sloughing at the anastomotic site, entire small and large intestinesDead
Sethuraman [10]60NDHyperlipidemiaECAbdominal distension and painIncreased nasogastric tube output, hypotension, respiratory and renal failuresNDIntestinal resectionDistal to the jejunostomySurvival
74NDHypertension, diabetesECNDLeukocytosis, fever, abdominal compartment syndromeNDIntestinal resectionDistal to the jejunostomySurvival
Irie [11]62MHypertensionECAbdominal painPyrexia, lowered renal function, elevated CRP valuePneumatosis intestinalisOpen abdominal management50–170 cm proximal to the ileumSurvival
Kurita [12]75MNoneECDiarrhea, abdominal pain and distensionFever, bloody drainage through gastrostomy, leukocytosis, elevated CRP valueHepatic portal venous gas, dilated digestive tract with pneumatosis intestinalis, ascitesPapaverineNDSurvival
68MDiabetes, atrial fibrillationECDiarrhea, abdominal pain and distensionBloody drainage through jejunostomy, leukocytosis, elevated CRP valueHepatic portal venous gas, dilated digestive tract with pneumatosis intestinalis, ascitesPapaverineNDSurvival
  1. NOMI nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia, IS initial surgery, ND no description, EC esophageal cancer