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Table 2 Search results of published case reports from April 1995 to December 2019 in the Japan Medical Abstracts Society and in PubMed database using the keywords “spontaneous perforation” or “stoma limb perforation”

From: Successful multi-stage treatment of stoma limb perforation following Hartmann’s operation report a case

YearAuthorsAge/sexStoma siteFactorPerforation siteOperationHospital stay
1995Sakamoto et al. [4]37/MSigmoid colonTrauma3 cm oral sideColectomy + revision of stoma14
2009Tamura et al. [5]83/FSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma26
2010Ikenishi et al. [6]78/FSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma17
2011Ikari et al. [7]80/MSigmoid colonCancerStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma41
2011Hata et al. [8]52/FTransverse colonStercoral5 cm oral sideColectomy + revision of stoma129
2013Ozawa et al. [9]69/FSigmoid colonTraumaStoma limb(1) Drainage, (2) colectomy + revision of stoma(1) 9, (2) 12
2013Kim et al. [10]70/MSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma32
2013Kim et al. [10]71/MSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbDrainage, direct suture + colectomy + revision of stoma44
2015Harada et al. [11]69/MSigmoid colonTrauma10 cm oral sideColectomy + revision of stoma27
2016Fukuoka et al. [12]61/MSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma14
2016Ikegami et al. [3]78/MSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomyN/A
2017Iwata et al. [13]83/FSigmoid colonStercoralStoma limbColectomy + revision of stoma97
2019Our case50/MSigmoid colonSpontaneousStoma limb(1) Drainage, (2) colectomy + stoma close(1) 41, (2) 14