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Table 1 Operative procedures and intraoperative biopsies in previously reported cases

From: Tumor enucleation for Castleman’s disease in the pulmonary hilum: a case report

Author Age Sex Preoperative biopsy Intraoperative biopsy Procedure Cause of lobectomy or more extensive surgery
Yeh 42 M Not done Not done LUL Potential malignancy
Tokunaga 23 F Not done Not done LLL + MLND Potential malignancy
Racil 23 F Not done Not done Pneumonectomy Bleeding at intraoperative biopsy
Wang 27 M Not done Not done Enucleation
Gunluogle 29 M TBNA: no specific findings Benign Enucleation
Ota 19 M Not done Not done RML Not mentioned
Nadir 28 F Not done Not done RUL + MLND Adhesion and hypervascularity
Liu 32 M Not done Not done LUL + MLND Potential malignancy
Haager 24 M EBUS-TBNA: no specific findings Lymphoma or carcinoid RML Not mentioned
Luo 40 F TBNA: chronic inflammation Not mentioned Whole resection
Present case 16 M EBUS-TBNA: no specific findings Chronic inflammation Enucleation
  1. EBUS endobronchial ultrasound-guided, TBNA transbronchial needle aspiration, LUL left upper lobectomy, LLL left lower lobectomy, RML right middle lobectomy, RUL right upper lobectomy, MLND mediastinal lymph node dissection