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Table 1 Literature review of ruptured nonparasitic liver cysts

From: Elective laparoscopic deroofing to treat the spontaneous rupture of a large simple liver cyst: a case report

Year Reference Age (years) Sex Symptoms Peritoneal irritation Cyst size (cm) Location Ascites Properties of the ascites Emergency procedures Intracystic bleeding Treatment Outcome
2016 Imaoka et al. 67 F Abdominal pain No 10.5 Right lobe Yes Brown and muddled No No Laparoscopic deroofing Uneventful
2015 Inoue et al. [21] 59 F Abdominal pain Yes 10 Left lobe Yes Brown and muddled Yes Yes Laparotomy and cyst fenestration Uneventful
2013 Marion et al. [20] 37 F Abdominal pain, dyspnea No 18 Right lobe Yes Blood stained Yes Yes Cystectomy Uneventful
2010 Ueda et al. [6] 64 F Abdominal pain No 10 Right lobe Yes Serous brown No No Percutaneous aspiration, injection of minocycline hydrochloride Uneventful
2010 Miliadis et al. [12] 70 M Abdominal pain Yes 13 Right lobe Yes Opaque-yellowish peritoneal fluid Yes Deroofing of the cyst, omentoplasty Uneventful
2007 Salemis et al. [13] 50 M Abdominal pain, vomiting Yes 17 Left lobe Yes Wide excision of the cyst, running locking suture along the edge of the resected cyst wall Uneventful
2005 Cheung et al. [14] 73 F Abdominal pain Yes 17 Right lobe Yes Blood stained Yes Yes Laparoscopic deroofing Uneventful
2003 Shutsha and Brenard [15] 67 F Abdominal pain No Multiple Yes No No conservative therapy Uneventful
2003 Kanazawa et al. [16] 78 M Abdominal pain No Right lobe Yes Blood stained No Yes Conservative therapy Uneventful
2002 Ishikawa et al. [17] 42 F Discomfort in upper abdomen No 10 S4/5 Yes Brown and muddled No Yes TAE, drainage, alcohol injection Uneventful
2002 Carels and van Bommel [18] 76 M Abdominal pain Yes 19 Right lobe Yes Blood stained Yes Yes Omentum placed over the ruptured cyst Death 4 weeks after admission
1999 Yamaguchi et al. [19] 61 M Abdominal pain Yes 13 Left lobe Yes Blood stained No Yes Hepatectomy Uneventful
1999 Payatakes et al. [8] 62 Abdominal pain 9.5 Right lobe Partial excision, external drainage Uneventful
1989 Akriviadis et al. [4] 48 F Abdominal pain Left lobe No Conservative therapy Uneventful
1988 Ayyash and Haddad [9] 36 M Abdominal pain, vomiting 4 Right lobe No Conservative therapy Uneventful
1974 Brunes [10] 54 F Abdominal pain 25 Left lobe Partial removal of the ruptured cyst Uneventful
1972 Russell [11] 68 M Abdominal pain 12 Left lobe Left lobectomy Uneventful
1960 Johnston [5] 82 F Abdominal pain, vomiting 15 Right lobe Drainage Death 3 days after admission
1959 Morgenstern [7] 56 F Abdominal pain Yes 35 Left lobe Yes Brown Yes Lobectomy Uneventful
  1. M male, F female, TAE transcatheter arterial embolization