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Table 1 Alive cases of hemothorax caused by cardiac rupture

From: A case report: hemothorax caused by rupture of the left atrial appendage

References Age/sex Triggering event Pericardial effusion (on CT) Cardiac lesion Surgical incision Operation Outcome
Sliker [11] 59/F Motor vehicle crash + Left ventricle Left thoracotomy NR Alive
Yamaguchi [12] 59/M Motor vehicle crash NR Left atrial appendage Median sternotomy Suture Alive
Ball [1] 65/F Motor vehicle crash + Right ventricle Median sternotomy Suture Alive
Agathe [4] 72/M Motor vehicle crash + Right ventricle Median sternotomy Suture Alive
Agathe [4] 45/M Motor vehicle crash + Right atrial appendage Right posterolateral thoracotomy Suture Alive
Kawahira [13] 31/F Fell down the stairs + Right atrial appendage, right ventricle Median sternotomy Suture Alive
Murakami [14] 24/F Motor vehicle crash NR Right atrial appendage NR Suture Alive
Kuroda [15] 71/F Fell down the stairs + Right atrium Median sternotomy Suture Alive
Miki [16] 41/M Motorcycle crash NR Right atrial appendage Clamshell Suture Alive
Miki [16] 75/F Motorcycle crash NR Left atrial appendage Clamshell Suture Alive
Baker [6] 46/F Motor vehicle crash NR Left atrium, left ventricle Left thoracotomy Suture Alive
Our study 80/M Motor vehicle crash + Left atrial appendage Left posterolateral thoracotomy Astriction (suture less) Alive
  1. NR not reported