Skip to main content

Table 1 Literature review for spontaneous perforated choledochal cyst in adults

From: Endoscopic biliary drainage as a bridging procedure to single-stage surgery for perforated choledochal cyst: a case report and review of the literature

Case no. [ref.] Age (years) /sex Nationality Clinical presentation Preoperative abdominal paracentesis Choledochal cyst (Todani’s classification) Preoperative drainage Approach for drainage Surgery (single- or two-stage) The first surgical procedure The second surgical procedure Interval period from diagnosis to definitive surgery Postoperative complications
1 [1] 28/F Korea Bile peritonitis (+) N/D (−) N/A Single Cyst excision N/A N/D N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
2 [5] N/D India Bile peritonitis (+) Type I or type IVa (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision 4–8 weeks N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
3 [5] N/D India Bile peritonitis (+) Type I or type IVa (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision 4–8 weeks N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
4 [5] N/D India Localized biloma (+) Type I or type IVa (+) Percutaneous Single Cyst excision N/A 4–8 weeks N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
5 [6] 24/M Greece Bile peritonitis (−) Type IVa (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision N/D N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
6 [7] 25/M Greece Bile peritonitis (−) Type IVa (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision 8–12 weeks SSI
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
7 [26] 24/F Korea Bile peritonitis (−) Type I (+) Percutaneous Single Cyst excision N/A 1 week None
Hepaticojejunostomy
8 [8] 28/F India Bile peritonitis (+) Type I (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision 12 weeks N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
9 [9] 25/F India Bile peritonitis N/D N/D (−) N/A Two T-tube choledochocystostomy Cyst excision N/D N/D
Hepaticojejunostomy
Peritoneal lavage
10 [27] 18/F Canada Bile peritonitis (+) Type I (+) Percutaneous (+sphincterotomy) Single Cyst excision N/A 8 weeks None
Hepaticojejunostomy
Present case 28/F Japan Bile peritonitis (−) Type IVa (+) Endoscopic Single SSPPD N/A 3 weeks None
  1. F female, M male, N/A not applicable, N/D not described, SSI surgical site infection, SSPPD subtotal stomach preserving pancreatoduodenectomy