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Table 1 Reported 18 cases of spontaneous bleeding from accessory spleens or splenosis

From: Spontaneous hemorrhage from splenic tissue 13 years after total splenectomy: report of a case

Reference Age/sex Major complaint History of splenectomy (cause and age of splenectomy) Hemorrhagic shock Bleeding mass Hemorrhagic space Treatment Outcome
Sort Size (cm) Location
1974, Texeira [18] 11/F Pain, pyrexia, vomiting AS 2 LUA Intraperitoneal Excision 7 days, discharged
1989, Basile [19] 24/M Pain, melena + (trauma, 5 years old) + SP 1–5 Ileum Gastrointestinal Excision 7 days, discharged
1990, Goodman [20] 36/M Pain, fatigue, pyrexia, anorexia + (trauma, 6 years old) AS ND LUA Subcapsule of the AS Excision ND
1991, Cuckow [21] 44/M Pain + (trauma, 32 years old) SP 2 Duodenum Intraperitoneal Excision Recovered
1991, Feferman [22] 31/F Pain + (trauma, 9 years old) + SP 5–6 Uterine ligament Intraperitoneal Excision Recovered
1992, Cordier [23] 50/M Hemoptysis, pain + (trauma, 22 years old) SP ND Left pleura Intrapulmonary Excision 11 months, asymptomatic
1996, Chiarugi [24] 65/M Hematemesis, melena + (Gaucher’s disease, 36 years old) + SP 11 Stomach Gastrointestinal Excision 9 days, discharged
1998, Katz [25] 65/F Pain, nausea + (trauma, 45 years old) SP 3 LUA Retroperitoneal Observation Several months, asymptomatic
1999, Coote [26] 50/F Pain, vomiting, malaise AS 5 LUA Intraperitoneal Excision 4 days, discharged
1999, Padilla [27] 29/M Pain, vomiting + AS ND LUA Intraperitoneal Excision No complications
2000, Sikov [28] 48/M Fatigue, melena +, (trauma, 7 years old) + SP ND Small bowel Gastrointestinal Excision Several years, asymptomatic
2001, Syed [29] 49/M Hemoptysis + (trauma, several years ago) SP 4 Left pleura Intrapulmonary Observation ND
2008, Margari [30] 47/M Gastrointestinal bleeding + (trauma, 28 years old) ND SP 5 Stomach Gastrointestinal Excision ND
2009, Depypere [31] 62/F Pain + (trauma, 49 years old) ID 4.5 LUA Retroperitoneal Excision Recovered
2012, Obokhare [32] 41/M Pain, constipation, melena + (gastric varices, 39 years old) SP 6.5 Colon Gastrointestinal Excision Recovered
2013, Hiranyatheb [11] 16/F Hematemesis + (thalassemia, 5 years old) SP 4 Stomach Gastrointestinal Excision 3 years, asymptomatic
2013, Yang [33] 42/M Melena + (trauma, 25 years old) SP 5 Stomach Gastrointestinal Excision Recovered
2015, Maki [The present case] 33/M Abdominal distension + (spherocytosis, 20 years old) + ID 9 LUA Intraperitoneal, intramesenteric, and retroperitoneal Excision 4 months, asymptomatic
  1. ND not described, AS accessory spleen, SP splenosis, ID indeterminate, LUA left upper abdomen