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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 14 patients of idiopathic spontaneous pneumoperitoneum

From: Conservative treatment of idiopathic spontaneous pneumoperitoneum in a bedridden patient: a case report

  Year Age Sex Past history Fever WBC Sudden onset Digestive symptom Signs of peritonitis Diagnostic tools Laparotomy Recurrence
Contrast study Endoscopy CT
London et al. [4] 1990 64 F Scleroderma WNL + +
Wang et al. [5] 1993 50 F Systemic sclerosis WNL + + +
Tani et al. [6] 1995 70 M + 10200/mm3 + + + + + + +
Hussain et al. [7] 1995 93 F Arthritis WNL +
Clements et al. [8] 1996 68 F Taking NSAIDs WNL + +
Mularski et al. [9] 1999 54 M Bipolar disorder 12500/mm3 +
Mularski et al. [9] 1999 17 F Raynaud’s phenomenon WNL +
Eslick et al. [3] 2006 75 M Duodenal ulcer
Depression
WNL + +
Masood et al. [10] 2009 58 F WNL + + +
Mann et al. [11] 2010 88 M Multiple strokes WNL + + +
Pitiakoudis et al. [12] 2011 69 F + 15000/mm3 + + +
Freitas Jr et al. [13] 2011 63 F Tuberculosis WNL + + +
McLaren [14] 2013 46 M WNL + + + +
Our case 2014 77 F Brain hemorrhage WNL + +
  1. Fever was defined as a body temperature higher than 37.5 °C. Digestive symptoms include appetite loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation. Signs of peritonitis were defined as rigidity, muscular guarding, and/or rebound tenderness. Endoscopy means esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and CT means computed tomography
  2. WBC white blood cell count, WNL within normal limits, NSAIDs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs